Clarkia rhomboidea

Douglas in W. J. Hooker

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 214. 1832.

Common names: Diamond or tongue clarkia diamond fairyfan rhomboid farewell-to- spring
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.


Stems erect, to 100 cm, puber­ulent. Leaves: petiole 5–25 mm; blade lanceolate to elliptic or ovate, 1–6 cm. Inflorescences open racemes, axis in bud recurved 1–3 nodes distal to open flowers; buds pendent, narrowly obovoid, tip acute to obtuse, often curved to one side. Flowers: floral tube 1–3 mm; sepals reflexed individ­ually; corolla rotate, petals pinkish lavender, often with darker flecks, narrowly to broadly obovate or rhombic, sometimes ± 3-lobed, 6–12(–14) × 3–7 mm; stamens 8, subequal, subtended by ciliate scales, pollen blue-gray; ovary shallowly 4-grooved; stigma not or rarely exserted beyond anthers. Capsules 10–25 mm; pedicel 1–4 mm. Seeds brown, gray, or mottled, 1–1.5 mm, scaly-echinate, crest 0.1 mm, inconspicuous. 2n = 24.

Phenology: Flowering May–Sep.
Habitat: Yellow-pine forests, woodlands.
Elevation: 0–3000 m.


Ariz., Calif., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Mexico (Baja California).


Clarkia rhomboidea is a tetraploid derived from C. mildrediae and C. virgata or a closely related species. The six diploid species in sect. Myxocarpa closely re­lated to C. rhomboidea (C. australis, C. borealis, C. mildrediae, C. mosquinii, C. stellata, and C. virgata) are California endemics with relatively small areas of distribution, whereas C. rhomboidea occurs throughout much of the western United States and is morphologically much more variable. Clarkia rhomboidea characteristically has relatively small, self-pollinating flowers with the stigma in contact with the anthers. Among the diploid species only C. stellata has similar small, self-pollinating flowers but is distin­guished by yellow pollen and petals with a shallowly 3-lobed blade that is not flecked. Rare populations of C. rhomboidea have relatively large flowers with the stigma exserted beyond the anthers. When they occur within the geographical range of the outcrossing diploid species, they may be difficult to distinguish without determining chromosome number.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Clarkia rhomboidea"
Harlan Lewis† +  and Peter C. Hoch +
Douglas in W. J. Hooker +
Diamond or tongue clarkia +, diamond fairyfan +  and rhomboid farewell-to- spring +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Mexico (Baja California). +
0–3000 m. +
Yellow-pine forests, woodlands. +
Flowering May–Sep. +
Fl. Bor.-Amer. +
Clarkia rhomboidea +
Clarkia sect. Myxocarpa +
species +