Castilleja subinclusa var. franciscana

(Pennell) G. L. Nesom

Phytologia 73: 409. 1992.

Common names: Franciscan paintbrush
EndemicConservation concern
Basionym: Castilleja franciscana Pennell Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 99: 188. 1947
Synonyms: C. subinclusa subsp. franciscana (Pennell) T. I. Chuang & Heckard
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 658. Mentioned on page 659.

Herbs 2.8–6.3 dm. Stems greenish, sometimes reddish, hairs matted to spreading, medium length or long. Leaves green, sometimes dull reddish, linear-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, margins plane, sometimes ± wavy; lobe apex acute. Inflorescences 5–17 × 1.5–5 cm; bracts green or purple throughout, or distally bright red to orange-red, rarely yellow, 0(–3)-lobed. Calyces proximally green, pale green, or pale purple, distal 2/3 red to orange, 35–42 mm; abaxial clefts 20–27 mm, adaxial 11–13 mm, lateral 0–4 mm; lobe apex acute to obtuse. Corollas 38–57 mm; beak subequal to or exceeding calyx, beak and abaxial lip exserted through abaxial cleft; beak adaxially bright yellow, sometimes greenish yellow near apex, margins yellow, rarely orange or red, strongly contrasting with color of calyx; abaxial lip green or yellow; teeth green or yellow, 0.5–1 mm. 2n = 24, 48, 72, 96.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jul.
Habitat: Coastal scrub.
Elevation: 0–600 m.


Variety franciscana is found in the coastal counties of northern and central California, from Humboldt County southward to Santa Clara and Santa Cruz counties. It is most common in the San Francisco Bay region. With its bright yellow corollas, it is the most distinctive of the three varieties.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
(Pennell) G. L. Nesom +
Castilleja franciscana +
Franciscan paintbrush +
0–600 m. +
Coastal scrub. +
Flowering Mar–Jul. +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
C. subinclusa subsp. franciscana +
Castilleja subinclusa var. franciscana +
Castilleja subinclusa +
variety +