Carya ovata var. australis

(Ashe) Little

Phytologia 19: 188. 1969.

Common names: Carolina hickory
Basionym: Carya australis Ashe Bull. Charleston Mus. 14: 12. 1918
Synonyms: Carya carolinae-septentrionalis (Ashe) Engler & Graebner
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Trees, to 39 m. Twigs reddish brown, often turning black by fall or upon drying, slender, glabrous. Terminal buds reddish brown to black, ovoid, 6-15 mm, mainly glabrous. Leaves 2-3 dm; petiole 4-12 cm, mainly glabrous. Leaflets 4-19 × 1-6.5 cm, terminal petiolules 3-12 mm; blades abaxially with a few hairs, and with small 2- and 4-lobed peltate scales. Staminate catkins to 6 cm. Fruits 2.5-3 × 2.5-3 cm; husks 5-8 mm thick.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Wet bottomlands, rocky hillsides, and limestone outcrops
Elevation: 150-200 m


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Ala., Ga., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tenn.


Selected References


Lower Taxa