Carex folliculata


Sp. Pl. 2: 978. 1753.

Common names: Carex folliculé
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 516. Mentioned on page 515, 517.

Culms obtusely trigonous in cross section, (25–)40–175 cm, smooth. Leaves: ligules 2.5–10 mm, as wide as long to wider than long; blades yellowish green to light green, M-shaped to flat, 6–18(–21) mm wide, smooth or sometimes finely papillose and scabrous adaxially, especially distally; widest leaves of vegetative shoots 8–18(–21) mm wide. Inflorescences 15–85 cm; bract sheaths prolonged, apex truncate to convex; proximal 3–5 spikes pistillate (occasionally a few empty scales at apex), erect or the proximal nodding, ovoid to short cylindric. Pistillate scales lanceolate to narrowly ovate, mostly 2/3 as long as to exceeding perigynia, apex acuminate-awned. Anthers 3–5 mm. Perigynia ascending to spreading, yellowish green, 18–26-veined, slightly inflated, lanceolate, 10.3–15.6 × 1.8–3.3 mm, 4–7 times as long as wide, apex gradually tapered, bidentulate; beak absent. Achenes (3.2–)3.4–4(–4.5) × 1.5–2.3 mm, (1.7–)1.8–2.4 times as long as wide. 2n = 56.

Phenology: Fruiting late spring–summer.
Habitat: Wet forests, bogs, seeps, wet meadows, marsh edges, stream banks, lakeshores, in acidic, sandy, or peaty soils
Elevation: 0–1800 m


V23 963-distribution-map.jpg

St. Pierre and Miquelon, N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ind., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.


South of central Virginia, Carex folliculata occurs only in the Appalachian mountains. Clumps of C. folliculata are striking because of the very broad, yellowish green leaf blades of their vegetative shoots.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Carex folliculata"
A. A. Reznicek +
Linnaeus +
Carex folliculé +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–1800 m +
Wet forests, bogs, seeps, wet meadows, marsh edges, stream banks, lakeshores, in acidic, sandy, or peaty soils +
Fruiting late spring–summer. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Carex sect. Folliculatae +
Carex folliculata +
Carex sect. Rostrales +
species +