Canna indica


Sp. Pl. 1: 1. 1753.

Common names: Indian-shot platanillo
Synonyms: Canna coccinea Miller Canna discolor Lindley Canna edulis Ker Gawler Canna lutea Miller Canna warscewiczii Dietrich
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.

Rhizomes fleshy. Leaves: sheath glabrous; blade narrowly ovate to ovate, 20–60 × 10–30 cm, base obtuse to narrowly cuneate, apex shortly acuminate to acute, abaxially and adaxially glabrous. Inflorescences racemes, sometimes branched, bearing 1- to 2-flowered cincinni, 6–20 per inflorescence; primary bracts to 15 cm; secondary bracts to 9 cm; floral bracts persistent, broadly obovate to narrowly (ob)ovate(-triangular), 0.5–3 × 0.5–1.5 cm, apex entire, often glaucous; bracteoles (ovate-)triangular, 0.5–2 × 0.3–0.8 cm, apex entire. Flowers red to yellow-orange, never pure yellow (except in some hybrid cultivars), 4.5–7.5 cm; pedicels 0.2–1 cm, to 1.5 cm in fruit; sepals narrowly triangular, 0.9–1.7 × 0.2–0.5 cm; petals erect, 4–6.5 cm, tube 0.5–1.5 cm, lobes lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 3.5–5 × 0.4–0.7 cm; staminodes 3–4, narrowly obovate to spatulate, 4.5–7.5 cm, free part 0.3–0.5 cm wide, apex rounded, acute, or cleft; labellum reflexed, narrowly oblong, approximately equal to other staminodes. Capsules ellipsoid to nearly globose, 1.5–3 × 1.5–2 cm. Seeds black, globose to nearly globose, 5–8 × 4–6.7 mm diam. 2n = 18.

Phenology: Flowering primarily spring–summer; fruiting summer–early fall.
Habitat: Often, if not always, in secondary growth and waste places
Elevation: 0–100 m


V22 345-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Apparently Fla., La., S.C., Tex.


Canna indica is probably native to neotropics and is now common throughout tropics and subtropics.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Canna indica"
W. John Kress +  and Linda M. Prince +
Linnaeus +
Indian-shot +  and platanillo +
Apparently Fla. +, La. +, S.C. +  and Tex. +
0–100 m +
Often, if not always, in secondary growth and waste places +
Flowering primarily spring–summer +  and fruiting summer–early fall. +
Introduced +
Canna coccinea +, Canna discolor +, Canna edulis +, Canna lutea +  and Canna warscewiczii +
Canna indica +
species +