Calycanthus floridus


Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1066. 1759.

Common names: Carolina-allspice sweetshrub
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Shrubs, to 3.5 m. Lateral bud partially hidden by petiole base. Petiole 3-10 mm, pubescent to glabrous. Leaf blade elliptic, broadly elliptic, oblong, or ovate, 5-15 × 2-6 cm, base acute to truncate, apex acute, acuminate, or blunt; surfaces abaxially green or glaucous, pubescent to glabrous. Flowers: hypanthium cylindric, ellipsoid, pyriform, or globose at maturity, 2-6 × 1-3 cm; tepals oblong-elliptic to obovate-lanceolate, 2-4 cm × 3-8 mm, apex acute; stamens 10-20, oblong. 2n = 22, 33.


Ala., Fla., Ga., Ky., Md., Miss., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va., temperate North America.


The Cherokee used Calycanthus floridus for medicinal purposes (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Varieties 2: temperate North America.

Varieties 2

Selected References



1 Twigs pubescent; petiole and abaxial surface of leaf blade pubescent. Calycanthus floridus var. floridus
1 Twigs glabrous or with scattered trichomes; petiole and abaxial surface of leaf blade glabrous or with scattered trichomes. Calycanthus floridus var. glaucus