Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus

Common names: Calopogon tubéreux
Synonyms: Calopogon pulchellus (Salisbury) R. Brown Calopogon pulchellus var. latifolius (H. St. John) B. Boivin Calopogon tuberosus var. latifolius Nieuwland Cathea pulchella (Salisbury) Swartz Cathea tuberosa (Linnaeus) Kuntze Cymbidium pulchellum Lamarck Helleborine tuberosa Salisbury Limodorum barbatum Linnaeus Limodorum pulchellum Limodorum tuberosum var. nanum
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 600. Mentioned on page 601.

Plants 4–110(–135) cm. Corms globose to elongate, 8–31 mm. Leaves: blade slightly curled transversely, linear, lanceolate, or seldom elliptic-lanceolate, 3–50 cm × 2–35(–50) mm. Inflorescences green or slightly purple at base, becoming entirely green after flowering, 4–110(–135) cm; floral bracts ovate to ovate-lanceolate, subulate, 3–8(–30) mm. Flowers 1–15(–25); dorsal sepal 15–31 × 5–18 mm; lateral sepals reflexed distally, 13–26 × 5–16 mm, apex apiculate to acuminate; petals 15–28 × 4–14 mm; lip 11–23 mm, dilated end of middle lobe same color as rest of flower (except for brushlike lamellae patch), typically anvil-shaped, seldom triangular or reniform, 9–21 mm wide; column 12–25 × 1–2 mm, distal end 6–10 mm wide; rostellum usually present. Capsules 13–30 × 5–10 mm. 2n = 26, 40, 42.

Phenology: Flowering Nov (s Fla)–Aug (north).
Habitat: Acidic soils in fens, bogs, pine and oak savannas, grasslands, interdune swales
Elevation: 0–1200 m


V26 1225-distribution-map.jpg

St. Pierre and Miquelon, Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.


At the northeastern edge of the range, tiny plants 4–20 cm have 1–5 deep magenta flowers, lips 13–18 mm with pale trichomes, and leaves 30–110 × 5–30 mm; they have been considered to be Calopogon tuberosus var. latifolius (H. St. John) B. Boivin. The variety has been reported in coastal bogs from Nova Scotia, the Magdalen Islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Sable Island off Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Great Wass Island in the Gulf of Maine (C. A. Luer 1975; P. M. Catling and Z. Lucas 1987; L. M. Eastman 1988). Catling and Lucas found that plants corresponding to C. tuberosus var. latifolius represented the end of a continuum of variation and recommended against the recognition of the variety; those results were corroborated by DNA data (D. H. Goldman 2000). In contrast to the plants in the northeastern range, plants in the southern range of this variety can exceed 1 m in height and produce flowers close to 5 cm diameter.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Douglas H. Goldman +, Lawrence K. Magrath +  and Paul M. Catling +
(Linnaeus) Britton +
Limodorum tuberosum +
Calopogon tubéreux +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–1200 m +
Acidic soils in fens, bogs, pine and oak savannas, grasslands, interdune swales +
Flowering Nov (s Fla)–Aug (north). +
Prelim. Cat., +
Illustrated +
Calopogon pulchellus +, Calopogon pulchellus var. latifolius +, Calopogon tuberosus var. latifolius +, Cathea pulchella +, Cathea tuberosa +, Cymbidium pulchellum +, Helleborine tuberosa +, Limodorum barbatum +, Limodorum pulchellum +  and Limodorum tuberosum var. nanum +
Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus +
Calopogon tuberosus +
variety +