Calophyllum inophyllum


Sp. Pl. 1: 513. 1753.

Common names: Mastwood
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 65.

Trees usually with relatively short trunks and spreading branches, 7–25(–35) m. Leaves: petiole broadened and flattened toward blade, 10–25 mm; blade bright green, elliptic-oblong to obovate, 8–20 × 4.5–12 cm, base cuneate to rounded, finally decurrent, margins ± undulate, apex rounded to retuse, lateral veins prominent on both surfaces. Inflorescences in distal axils, 3–12-flowered. Flowers 2 cm diam.; sepals reflexed, outer pair orbiculate, 7–8 mm, inner pair obovate, ± petaloid, 10 mm; petals 4, white, obovate, 9–12 mm; ovary globose. Drupes green, globose to obovoid, 2.5–5 × 2–4 cm; stone subspheric, smooth. 2n = 32.

Phenology: Flowering summer.
Habitat: Wetlands, especially coastal
Elevation: 0–20 m


V6 104-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., s Asia (India, Sri Lanka), e Africa, Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar), Pacific Islands.


Calophyllum inophyllum occurs in southern Florida; it is widely planted and possibly naturalized. The smaller-flowered C. antillana Jacquin has also been recorded as seminaturalized on the keys.

Selected References


Lower Taxa