Broussonetia papyrifera

(Linnaeus) Ventenat

Tabl. Règn. Vég. 3: 547. 1799.

Common names: Paper-mulberry
Basionym: Morus papyrifera Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 986. 1753
Synonyms: Papyrius papyrifera (Linnaeus) Kuntze
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Trees, to 15 m. Bark tan, smooth or moderately furrowed. Branchlets brown, spreading pubescent. Terminal bud absent, axillary buds dark brown, short-pubescent; leaf scars nearly circular, somewhat elevated. Leaves: stipules ovate to ovate-oblong, apex attenuate; petiole shorter than or equal to blade. Leaf blade entire or 3-5-lobed, 6-20 × 5-15 cm, base shallowly cordate, often oblique, truncate, or broadly rounded, margins serrate, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially densely gray-pubescent, adaxially scabrous. Staminate inflorescences 6-8 cm; peduncle 2-4 cm. Pistillate inflorescences ca. 2 cm diam., villous. Staminate flowers: sepals pubescent. Pistillate flowers: style elongate-filiform. Syncarps globose, 2-3 cm diam.; drupes red or orange, oblanceolate, each exserted from its calyx.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Disturbed thickets
Elevation: 0-600 m


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Introduced; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., native to Asia.


Broussonetia papyrifera is now widely naturalized in eastern United States. Frequently planted as a shade tree around dwellings, it is often considered undesirable because of its aggressiveness, shallow root system, and soft, brittle wood. The bark of the tree is used to produce a barkcloth.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Broussonetia papyrifera"
Richard P. Wunderlin +
(Linnaeus) Ventenat +
Morus papyrifera +
Paper-mulberry +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and native to Asia. +
0-600 m +
Disturbed thickets +
Flowering spring. +
Tabl. Règn. Vég. +
W1 +, Illustrated +  and Introduced +
Papyrius papyrifera +
Broussonetia papyrifera +
Broussonetia +
species +