Botrychium multifidum

(S. G. Gmelin) Ruprecht

Bemerk. Botrychium 40. 1859.

Common names: Leather grapefern botryche à feuille couchée
Basionym: Osmunda multifida S.G. Gmelin Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. 12: 517. 1768
Synonyms: Botrychium californicum L.Underwood Botrychium coulteri L.Underwood Botrychium silaifolium C.Presl
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Trophophore stalk 2–15 cm, 0.3–1.2 times length of trophophore rachis; blade shiny green, plane, ternate, 2–3-pinnate, to 25 × 35 cm, leathery. Pinnae to 10 pairs, approximate to remote, horizontal to ascending, distance between 1st and 2d pinnae not or slightly more than between 2d and 3d pairs, divided to tip. Pinnules obliquely ovate, rounded, margins usually ± entire to shallowly crenulate, sometimes inconspicuously and shallowly denticulate, apex rounded, venation pinnate. Sporophores 2–3-pinnate, 1.2 times length of trophophore. 2n =90.

Phenology: Leaves green over winter, appearing in spring.
Habitat: Widespread mainly in fields
Elevation: 0–3000 m


V2 727-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask., Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Europe, nw Asia.


Botrychium multifidum is rather similar to B. robustum (Ruprecht) L.Underwood of Japan, eastern China, and the former Soviet republics. Specimens identified as B. robustum have been collected on Unalaska Island.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Botrychium multifidum"
Warren H. Wagner Jr. +  and Florence S. Wagner +
(S. G. Gmelin) Ruprecht +
Osmunda multifida +
Leather grapefern +  and botryche à feuille couchée +
Greenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Europe +  and nw Asia. +
0–3000 m +
Widespread mainly in fields +
Leaves green over winter, appearing in spring. +
Bemerk. Botrychium +
Botrychium californicum +, Botrychium coulteri +  and Botrychium silaifolium +
Botrychium multifidum +
Botrychium sect. Sceptridium +
species +