Bidens connata

Muhlenberg ex Willdenow

Sp. Pl. 3: 1718. 1803.

Common names: Bident conné
Synonyms: Bidens connata var. ambiversa Fassett Bidens connata var. anomala Farwell Bidens connata var. fallax (Warnstorf) Sherff Bidens connata var. gracilipes Fernald Bidens connata var. inundata Fernald Bidens connata var. petiolata (Nuttall) Farwell Bidens connata var. pinnata S. Watson Bidens connata var. submutica Fassett
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 217. Mentioned on page 208.

Annuals, (5–)25–150(–200) cm. Leaves: sessile or petioles (± winged) 5–15(–35+) mm; blades ± elliptic to lanceolate, (20–)40–100(–200+) × 10–30(–70) mm, sometimes laciniately 1-pinnatisect with 1–4+ lobes near bases, bases cuneate, margins entire or dentate to serrate, usually ciliate, apices attenuate, faces glabrous or hirtellous. Heads borne singly or in 2s or 3s. Peduncles 10–35(–80) mm. Calyculi of 2–6+ spreading or ascending, lanceolate, linear, oblanceolate, oblong, or spatulate, ± foliaceous bractlets or bracts 10–25(–35+) mm, margins (entire or serrate) usually ciliate, abaxial faces hispidulous near bases, distally glabrous. Involucres campanulate to hemispheric or broader, (4–)6–12 × (3–)6–9(–15+) mm. Phyllaries (6–)8(–9), elliptic to oblong or ovate, (4–)5–6(–12) mm. Ray florets usually 0, sometimes 1–5+; laminae yellowish, 4–8 mm. Disc florets (5–)20–40(–60+); corollas pale yellow to orange, 2–3 mm (± abruptly ampliate, anthers usually dark, blackish). Cypselae blackish to purplish or brown, usually (at least inner) ± 4-angled, usually cuneate to linear, sometimes ± obpyramidal, outer (3–)4–7 mm, inner (4–)5–8 mm, margins proximally antrorsely to patently, distally retrorsely, barbed, apices ± truncate to concave, faces usually strongly 1-nerved, usually tuberculate, glabrous or setulose; pappi 0, or of (1–)2–4(–6), ± erect to spreading, antrorsely or retrorsely barbed awns (0.2–)2–5 mm. 2n = 48.

Phenology: Flowering Aug–Oct.
Habitat: Marshes and other wet sites
Elevation: 10–1700 m



N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Va., W.Va., Wis., Europe, Asia, n Africa, introduced in Pacific Islands, Australia.


Bidens connata may be better treated as part of B. tripartita.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Bidens connata"
John L. Strother +  and Ronald R. Weedon +
Muhlenberg ex Willdenow +
Bident conné +
N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Europe +, Asia +, n Africa +, introduced in Pacific Islands +  and Australia. +
10–1700 m +
Marshes and other wet sites +
Flowering Aug–Oct. +
Bidens connata var. ambiversa +, Bidens connata var. anomala +, Bidens connata var. fallax +, Bidens connata var. gracilipes +, Bidens connata var. inundata +, Bidens connata var. petiolata +, Bidens connata var. pinnata +  and Bidens connata var. submutica +
Bidens connata +
species +