Atriplex semibaccata

R. Brown

Prodr., 406. 1810.

Common names: Creeping saltbush berry saltbush
Synonyms: Atriplex flagellaris Wooton & Standley
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 343. Mentioned on page 325, 340.

Herbs or subshrubs, perennial, decumbent-prostrate, unarmed, mainly 0.5–8 dm and spreading to 15+ dm wide, unarmed, white scurfy when young; branches not angled. Leaves many, alternate, subsessile or short petiolate; blade 1-veined, spatulate or obovate to oblong or elliptic, mainly 5–30(–40) × 2–9(–12) mm, base attenuate, margin remotely dentate to subentire, apex obtuse. Staminate flowers in small, terminal, leaf-bracteate glomerules 1.5 mm wide. Pistillate flowers solitary or in few-flowered clusters in almost all but distalmost leaves. Fruiting bracteoles red-fleshy at maturity, sessile or short stipitate, strongly veined, rhombic, convex, 3–6.6 × 2.8–4.5 mm, united at base, margin toothed, apex obtuse to acute. Seeds dimorphic: black, 1.5–1.7 mm, or brown, 2 mm. 2n = 18.

Phenology: Flowering spring–early winter.
Habitat: Saline waste places, along roads and sidewalks, in marshes, in various plant communities
Elevation: 10-1000 m


V4 652-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Ariz., Calif., D.C., Nev., N.Mex., Tex., Utah, Wash., Australia.


The red-fleshy fruiting bracteoles are diagnostic of this introduced perennial, which is multi-stemmed from an often buried woody caudex.

The Australian species Atriplex muelleri Bentham is somewhat similar. It has been has reported, but not verified, in the North American flora.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Atriplex semibaccata"
Stanley L. Welsh +
R. Brown +
Semibaccatae +
Creeping saltbush +  and berry saltbush +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, D.C. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Australia. +
10-1000 m +
Saline waste places, along roads and sidewalks, in marshes, in various plant communities +
Flowering spring–early winter. +
Weedy +, Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Atriplex flagellaris +
Atriplex semibaccata +
Atriplex sect. Semibaccata +
species +