Sp. Pl. 2: 950. 1753.


Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 407. 1754.

Common names: Arethusa dragon’s-mouth aréthuse
Etymology: Greek Arethusa, mythical river nymph
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 596. Mentioned on page 497, 598.

Herbs, perennial. Roots few, slender, fleshy. Stems scapose, at base a bulbous corm. Leaves solitary, basal; blade subtended by 2–3 tubular sheaths, obscurely plicate, linear-lanceolate, developing during and after anthesis. Inflorescences terminal; floral bracts minute. Flowers solitary (rarely 2), resupinate, erect, showy; anther with pair of soft yellow-green pollinia; stigma emergent, with free lateral lobes. Fruits capsules, erect.


North America.


Species 1.

Selected References


Lower Taxa