Anoda cristata

(Linnaeus) Schlechtendal

Linnaea 11: 210. 1837.

Common names: Violeta
Basionym: Sida cristata Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 685. 1753
Synonyms: Anoda arizonica A. Gray A. hastata Cavanilles A. triangularis (Willdenow) de Candolle
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 235. Mentioned on page 234.

Herbs, to 1 m, usually much shorter (quite variable). Stems suberect to decumbent, with patent or retrorse, simple hairs, hairs 1 mm. Leaves: petiole 1/2 times to equaling blade, hispid; blade concolorous, often with purple blotch along midvein, ovate, triangular, hastate, or sometimes palmately lobed, mostly 3–9 cm, membranous, base cordate, wide-rounded, or truncate, margins crenate to subentire, apex acute, surfaces sparsely hairy, hairs mostly simple, appressed, 1 mm. Inflorescences solitary flowers. Pedicels 4–12 cm, often exceeding leaf. Flowers: calyx 5–10 mm, accrescent to 12–20 mm, lobes without dark midrib, apex acute, hispid; petals purplish or lavender, rarely white, drying purplish, sometimes bluish, 8–26(–30) mm; staminal column hairy; style 10–19-branched; stigmas glabrous. Schizocarps 8–11 mm diam. (excluding spines), densely hispid; mericarps 10–19, with dorsal spur 1.5–4 mm. Seeds with or without enclosing endocarp. 2n = 30, 60, 90.

Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Usually weedy in disturbed areas, fence rows, agricultural fields
Elevation: 0–2300 m


V6 419-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Ariz., Calif., Fla., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Mass., Miss., Mo., N.Mex., N.C., Okla., Pa., S.C., Tex., Va., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, introduced in Australia.


Anoda cristata appears to be increasing its range in North America and elsewhere. It is quite variable, with either a decumbent to suberect habit and with varied flower sizes. The weedy form has generally small flowers while those to the south in Mexico have showy larger flowers even used in floral arrangements.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Anoda cristata"
Paul A. Fryxell† +  and Steven R. Hill +
(Linnaeus) Schlechtendal +
Sida cristata +
Violeta +
Ont. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.Mex. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +  and introduced in Australia. +
0–2300 m +
Usually weedy in disturbed areas, fence rows, agricultural fields +
Flowering summer–fall. +
Anoda arizonica +, A. hastata +  and A. triangularis +
Anoda cristata +
species +