Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 22: 336. 1921.
Plants perennial, forming loose, prostrate mats, from rhizomatous rootstocks. Stems spreading, branched, very leafy, 4-angled, 10–20 cm, short glandular-puberulent on internodes. Leaves sessile; blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, widest at or above middle, 8–30 × 2–13 mm, base round to cuneate, margins not scarious, apex usually obtuse, viscid. Inflorescences terminal, 1–5-flowered, very leafy cymes; bracts foliaceous. Pedicels ca. 10 mm in flower, elongating, recurved, and tortuous in fruit, glandular-pubescent, pushing capsule into substrate. Flowers 5–10 mm; sepals 5, obscurely veined, ovate-obtuse, 3–5 mm, margins narrow, scarious, glandular-pubescent; petals 5, 4–6 mm; stamens 5; styles 3, ascending, equaling petals. Capsules green to straw colored, broadly ovoid to globose, 5–6 mm, apex obtuse, tardily dehiscent with 3 valves; carpophore absent. Seeds 3–6, rusty brown, ± ovate, ca. 2.5 mm diam., finely tuberculate.
Phenology: Flowering late Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, talus
Elevation: 1400-2800 m
Stellaria americana is remarkable for its tortuous fruiting pedicels, which push the opening capsule with its small number of large seeds into the substrate.