Difference between revisions of "Buchnera americana"

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 630. 1753.

Common names: American bluehearts
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 507. Mentioned on page 506, 508.
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Revision as of 19:32, 24 September 2019

Biennials; blackening upon drying. Stems simple or branched distally, 3–9 dm, spreading-hirsute proximally, appressed-hirsute or glabrous distally. Leaves much smaller distally; larger blade: major veins 3, minor veins (0–)2, narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 25–65 x 5–18 mm, margins irregularly dentate, teeth 2–3 mm, apex acute, surfaces short-hispid. Spikes: bracts ovate-lanceolate, 4–6 mm. Pedicels 1–1.5 mm; bracteoles 2–3 mm. Flowers: calyx 6–8 mm, tube obscurely 10-nerved, ascending- to appressed-hispid, hairs often pustular-based; corolla 15–21 mm, glabrate externally, lobes 5–8 mm; style included, 1–2 mm. Capsules blackish, ovoid, 6–8 mm, glabrate. Seeds 0.6–0.8 mm. 2n = 40.


Phenology: Flowering May–Oct.
Habitat: Moist to dry prairies, prairie openings, barrens, glades, pine savannas, interdune pannes.
Elevation: 20–400 m.

Distribution

Ont., Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.

Discussion

Buchnera americana has declined significantly in the past century and now is of conservation concern in most states east of the Mississippi River and in Ontario; its current stronghold is in Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. In greenhouse studies, B. americana and B. floridana parasitized a variety of grass and tree species (Celtis, Fraxinus, Liquidambar, Liriodendron, Nyssa, Paspalum, Pinus, Quercus); natural hosts remain largely undocumented (L. J. Musselman and W. F. Mann 1977, 1978). It is nearly restricted to older geological regions away from the coastal plain, primarily in circumneutral to high pH soils; there are records from eastern Texas-central Louisiana, southeastern Louisiana-southern Mississippi, and a few records from northwestern Florida, all apparently in acidic soils. There appears to be no morphological intergradation with B. floridana in those areas, and the occurrence of B. americana there is puzzling.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Buchnera americana"
Bruce A. Sorrie +
Linnaeus +
American bluehearts +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +  and Va. +
20–400 m. +
Moist to dry prairies, prairie openings, barrens, glades, pine savannas, interdune pannes. +
Flowering May–Oct. +
Buchnera americana +
Buchnera +
species +