Zingiber zerumbet

(Linnaeus) Smith

Exotic Botany 2: 105. 1806.

Basionym: Amomum zerumbet Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 1. 1753 F I
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.


Leaf blades oblanceolate or narrowly elliptical, 30–32 × 6–7 cm (smaller distally). Inflorescences erect, 7–11 × [3–]5–6 cm; bracts of main axis green when young, becoming red; proximal bracts reniform or very broadly ovate, concave, 2–3 × 3–4 cm, apex broadly rounded; distal bracts smaller but otherwise similar to proximal bracts, ca. 1 × 2 cm. Flowers: perianth and staminodes pale yellow.

Phenology: Flowering fall (Oct).
Habitat: Disturbed areas
Elevation: 50 m


V22 614-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., native, Asia (India and the Malay Peninsula).


In Asia, the rhizomes of Zingiber zerumbet are used as a spice in much the same way as those of Z. officinale. In North America, escaped populations are known only from two sites in Gainesville, Florida.

Selected References


Lower Taxa