Xyris smalliana


Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 22:159. 1895.

Synonyms: Xyris caroliniana var. olneyi A. W. Wood Xyris congdonii Small Xyris smalliana var. congdonii (Small) Malme Xyris smalliana var. olneyi (A. W. Wood) Gleason ex Malme
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.

Herbs, perennial, cespitose, 50–150 cm. Stems compact. Leaves ascending in narrow fans, (19–)30–50(–60) cm; sheaths pinkish or pale red, soft, smooth; blade pale green proximally, distally deep lustrous green, linear, flattened, plane, 5–15 mm wide, margins smooth. Inflorescences: scape sheaths exceeded by leaves; scapes linear, straight, distally slightly compressed, 1–2 mm wide, smooth, 2-ribbed; spikes ovoid to ellipsoid or cylindric, 10–20(–25) mm, apex usually blunt; fertile bracts 5–8 mm, margins entire, apex rounded. Flowers: lateral sepals slightly to conspicuously exserted, slightly curved, 6–8 mm, keel scarious, apex not red, broad, thin, lacerate; petals unfolding in afternoon, blade obovate, 5–6 mm; staminodes bearded. Seeds translucent, narrowly ellipsoid to ovoid, (0.6–)0.7(–0.8 mm), irregularly ridged and cross-ridged. 2n = 18.

Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Sandy or peaty shallows and shores of ponds and sluggish acidic streams
Elevation: 0–100 m


V22 27-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., R.I., S.C., Tex., West Indies (Cuba), Mexico (Tabasco), West Indies (Cuba), Central America (Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua).


Although no specimens were seen for Virginia, Xyris smalliana is to be expected there.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Xyris smalliana"
Robert Kral +
Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, West Indies (Cuba) +, Mexico (Tabasco) +, Central America (Belize +, Honduras +  and Nicaragua). +
0–100 m +
Sandy or peaty shallows and shores of ponds and sluggish acidic streams +
Flowering summer–fall. +
Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club +
Xyris caroliniana var. olneyi +, Xyris congdonii +, Xyris smalliana var. congdonii +  and Xyris smalliana var. olneyi +
Xyris smalliana +
species +