Taxithelium planum

(Bridel) Mitten

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 496. 1869.

Basionym: Hypnum planum Bridel Muscol. Recent., suppl. 2: 97. 1812
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 582.

Plants in thin to dense mats. Stems with branches 0.2–2 cm. Leaves sometimes with lateral leaves spreading and dorsal and ventral leaves appressed, contracted, smaller; supra-alar cells few to many, subquadrate, in 1 or 2 rows, often 1 row extending up margin. Specialized asexual reproduction rare, by filamentous gemmae. Perigonia and perichaetia on stems or base of branches. Capsule with exostome teeth 16, subulate, striolate; endostome basal membrane medium to high, segments equal to and alternating with exostome teeth, cilia 1–3, appendiculate. Calyptra smooth. Spores spheric, 12–22 µm, smooth to finely papillose.

Phenology: Capsules mature late summer.
Habitat: Tree bark, exposed roots, rotten logs
Elevation: low elevations


V28 913-distribution-map.gif

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Australia.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Taxithelium planum"
Wilfred B. Schofield† +
(Bridel) Mitten +
Hypnum planum +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +  and Australia. +
low elevations +
Tree bark, exposed roots, rotten logs +
Capsules mature late summer. +
J. Linn. Soc., Bot. +
Illustrated +
Taxithelium planum +
Taxithelium +
species +