Smilax havanensis


Enum. Syst. Pl., 33. 1760.

Synonyms: Smilax coriacea Sprengel Smilax coriacea var. ilicifolia O. E. Schulz Smilax guianensis var. subarmata O. E. Schulz Smilax havanensis var. portoricensis A. de Candolle Smilax ilicifolia Smilax subarmata
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 473. Mentioned on page 470.

Vines; rhizomes short. Stems perennial, climbing, branching, ± woody, glabrous, ± unarmed, to stunted, rigid (shrublike), densely armed; prickles pale green with dark tips, recurved, flattened, stout, 1–2 mm; stems (especially in nodal areas) with small, waxlike nodules often connected by arachnoid filaments. Leaves evergreen, ± evenly disposed; petiole 0.5–2 cm; blade variable, dull green, thick, narrowly oblong-elliptic, elliptic-ovate, or oval, conspicuously veined, 2–19 × 0.6–13.5 cm, not glaucous or pubescent, base pointed to rounded to narrowly cordate, margins spinose, or sometimes entire with thick edges, apex abruptly mucronate, spiny, or emarginate. Umbels few to numerous, axillary to leaves, few to numerous-flowered, ± open; peduncle to 1.6 cm, ± equaling or shorter than subtending petiole. Flowers: perianth green; tepals ca. 1.5 mm; ovule 1 per locule. Berries purplish black, globose, sometimes pointed, ca. 6 mm, not glaucous.

Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Pinelands and hammocks
Elevation: 0–100 m


Smilax havanensis is unusually variable in habit, leaf shape, amount of spines (particularly on the leaf margins), and shape of fruit.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Smilax havanensis"
Walter C. Holmes +
Jacquin +
Fla. +  and West Indies. +
0–100 m +
Pinelands and hammocks +
Flowering year-round. +
Enum. Syst. Pl., +
Smilax coriacea +, Smilax coriacea var. ilicifolia +, Smilax guianensis var. subarmata +, Smilax havanensis var. portoricensis +, Smilax ilicifolia +  and Smilax subarmata +
Smilax havanensis +
species +