Scopelophila cataractae

(Mitten) Brotherus

in H. G. A. Engler and K. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 215[I,3]: 436. 1902,.

Basionym: Weissia cataractae Mitten J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 135. 1869
Synonyms: Tortula williamsii E. B. Bartram
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 485. Mentioned on page 484.

Stems with red rhizoids or red-tomentose. Cauline leaves brown proximally; margins seldom bordered by thick-walled cells; apex acute or short-acuminate; costa with 2 layers of parenchymatous cells adaxial to the stereid band. Sporophytes not seen in area of the flora.

Habitat: Rock or thin soil over rock
Elevation: moderate to high elevations (800-2000 m)


V27 701-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Calif., N.C., Pa., Tenn., Tex., Mexico, Central America, w South America, Europe, Asia, c Africa.


Scopelophila cataractae has the appearance of Tortula but is distinguishable by the dense red tomentum and small, smooth distal laminal cells. Sulphurous smell at a North Carolina station (McDowell County, Newberry Creek gorge, below Mount Mitchell) indicates presence of associated mineral ores. The disjunctive California station (A. J. Steen 1986) is at an old copper mine. Male plants are apparently very rare (A. J. Shaw 1993).

Lower Taxa

... more about "Scopelophila cataractae"
Richard H. Zander +
(Mitten) Brotherus +
Weissia cataractae +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, Central America +, w South America +, Europe +, Asia +  and c Africa. +
moderate to high elevations (800-2000 m) +
Rock or thin soil over rock +
in H. G. A. Engler and K. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. +
shaw1993a +
Tortula williamsii +
Scopelophila cataractae +
Scopelophila +
species +