Rhynchospora microcephala

(Britton) Britton ex Small

Fl. S.E. U.S., 195. 1903.

Basionym: Rhynchospora axillaris var. microcephala Britton Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 11: 89. 1892 (as Rynchospora)
Synonyms: Rhynchospora cephalantha var. microcephala (Britton) Kükenthal
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 213. Mentioned on page 202, 212.
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Plants perennial, cespitose, 30–90 cm; rhizomes absent. Culms arching or erect, leafy, nearly terete, multiribbed, slender. Principal leaves overtopped by culm; blades linear, proximally flattened, 1–3 mm wide, apex tapering, trigonous. Inflorescences: spikelet clusters 2–6, mostly widely spaced; clusters dense, hemispheric to mostly spheroid, 0.5–1 cm thick. Spikelets dark redbrown to dark brown, lanceovoid, (2–)2.5–3.5(–4) mm, apex acute; fertile scales elliptic, 2–3 mm, apex acute, midrib shortexcurrent or not. Flowers: perianth bristles 6, reaching tubercle tip, retrorsely barbellate. Fruits 1 per spikelet, 2.5–3 mm; body pale brown with light center, lenticular, obovoid distal to stipe, 1.1–1.5 × 0.9–1.1 mm, margins pale, wirelike, surfaces slick; tubercle triangularsubulate, 0.9–1.2(–1.5) mm, at least 0.5 mm wide at base.

Phenology: Fruiting summer–fall.
Habitat: Sands and sandy peats of savanna swales, pineland seeps, bogs, ditches, pond shores and banks
Elevation: 0–200 m


V23 366-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.J., N.C., S.C., Va., West Indies (Cuba).


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Rhynchospora microcephala"
Robert Kral +
(Britton) Britton ex Small +
Rhynchospora axillaris var. microcephala +
Ala. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Va. +  and West Indies (Cuba). +
0–200 m +
Sands and sandy peats of savanna swales, pineland seeps, bogs, ditches, pond shores and banks +
Fruiting summer–fall. +
Fl. S.E. U.S., +
Illustrated +
Rhynchospora cephalantha var. microcephala +
Rhynchospora microcephala +
Rhynchospora +
species +