Rhynchospora gracilenta

A. Gray

Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 216. 1835.

Synonyms: Phaeocephalum gracilentum (A. Gray) House Rhynchospora drummondiana Boeckeler Rhynchospora gracilenta var. diversifolia Fernald Rhynchospora trichophylla Fernald
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 236. Mentioned on page 206, 235.
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Plants perennial, densely cespitose or solitary, 10–100 cm; rhizomes absent. Culms mostly lax, ascending to leaningexcurved, leafy, linear to filiform, terete. Leaves shorter than culm; blades ascending, filiform to narrowly linear, proximally flat, 0.5–1.5(–2.5) mm wide, margins distally strongly involute, apex trigonous, tapering. Inflorescences: spikelet clusters 1–3(–4), proximalmost distant, dense to sparse, narrowly turbinate to hemispheric; peduncles and branches ascending; leafy bracts linearsetaceous, mostly overtopping clusters. Spikelets redbrown, ovoid to lanceoloid, (3.5–)4–5 mm, apex acute; fertile scales ovate, 3–4.5 mm, apex acute, mucronate to awnedcuspidate. Flowers: bristles 6, mostly reaching tip of tubercle or beyond, antrorsely barbellate. Fruits 1–3 per spikelet, (2.5–)3–3.5(–4.1) mm; body dark brown with small pale center, lenticular, broadly ellipsoid to suborbicular, 1.3–2.1 × 1.3–1.5 mm, smooth, margins narrow, flowing into tubercle; tubercle triangular-subulate, compressed, mostly 1.5–2 mm.

Phenology: Fruiting late spring–fall.
Habitat: Moist to wet sandy peaty substrates in ditches, bogs, seeps, wet savannas, barrens, and flatwoods
Elevation: 0–400 m


V23 420-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.J., N.C., Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., West Indies (Cuba), Central America.


Through the southern coastal plain are widerleaved examples of Rhynchospora gracilenta that are sparingly cespitose to solitary-stemmed, often with but a single terminal inflorescence with dense clusters of spikelets (var. diversifolia). That would be a tenable designation were it not for the large numbers of populations with intermediate habit.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Rhynchospora gracilenta"
Robert Kral +
A. Gray +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, West Indies (Cuba) +  and Central America. +
0–400 m +
Moist to wet sandy peaty substrates in ditches, bogs, seeps, wet savannas, barrens, and flatwoods +
Fruiting late spring–fall. +
Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York +
Illustrated +
Phaeocephalum gracilentum +, Rhynchospora drummondiana +, Rhynchospora gracilenta var. diversifolia +  and Rhynchospora trichophylla +
Rhynchospora gracilenta +
Rhynchospora +
species +