Rhynchospora brachychaeta

C. Wright

Anales Real Acad. Ci. Méd. Fís. Nat. Habana 8: 85. 1873.

Basionym: Rhynchospora chapmanii Britton 1916 Rhynchospora pallida C. B. Clarke 1900 Rhynchospora pallida Kükenthal 1926
Synonyms: Phaeocephalum brachychaetum (C. Wright) House Rhynchospora blauneri Britton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 235. Mentioned on page 206.
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Plants perennial, densely cespitose, 20–50 cm; rhizomes absent. Culms erect to excurved, lax, filiform, leafy, ± terete. Leaves exceeded by culm, ascending; blades filiform, ± terete, margins strongly involute, apex trigonous, sulcate, tapering. Inflorescences: spikelet clusters mostly 2–3, sparse to dense, oblong to broadly or narrowly turbinate; leafy bracts setaceous, exceeding clusters. Spikelets pale redbrown, lanceoloid, 3–3.5 mm, apex acute; fertile scales mostly elliptic, 2–2.5 mm, apex acute, sometimes apiculate. Flowers: bristles mere nubs or 1–2, to 0.3 mm. Fruits mostly 2 per spikelet, 1.5–1.6 mm; body redbrown with pale center, lenticular, broadly obovoid to orbicular, margins pale, narrow, flowing to tubercle; surfaces smoothish, or faintly cancellate; tubercle flattened, triangularsubulate, 0.3–0.5 mm.

Phenology: Fruiting late spring–fall.
Habitat: Moist sandy peaty substrates in savannas or savanna bog transition, ditches, and moist, disturbed areas


V23 418-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Miss., West Indies, Central America.


Rhynchospora brachychaeta is quite possibly adventive; most of its localities in the flora are in disturbed areas near the coast. It is similar to the widespread native R. chapmanii, from which it is distinguished by its more numerous spikelet clusters, the darker spikelets, the achene faces brown with pale centers (rather than pale with brown ends), and the relatively more developed perianth.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Rhynchospora brachychaeta"
Robert Kral +
C. Wright +
Rhynchospora chapmanii +  and Rhynchospora pallida +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Miss. +, West Indies +  and Central America. +
Moist sandy peaty substrates in savannas or savanna bog transition, ditches, and moist, disturbed areas +
Fruiting late spring–fall. +
Anales Real Acad. Ci. Méd. Fís. Nat. Habana +
Illustrated +
Phaeocephalum brachychaetum +  and Rhynchospora blauneri +
Rhynchospora brachychaeta +
Rhynchospora +
species +