Onagraceae subfam. Ludwigioideae

W. L. Wagner & Hoch

Syst. Bot. Monogr. 83: 41. 2007.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.

Leaves: stipules present. Flowers: floral tube absent; sepals (3 or)4 or 5(–7), persistent at ovary apex after dehiscence of other floral parts; petals yellow or white, rarely absent. x = 8.


Genus 1, species 82 (31 in the flora): North America, Mexico, West Indies, Bermuda, Central America, South America, se Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean Islands, Pacific Islands, Australasia; introduced in Europe, w Asia.

Ludwigioideae were segregated as a distinct subfamily (W. L. Wagner et al. 2007) to reflect the phylogenetic relationship of Ludwigia as sister to other genera of Onagraceae in morphological and molecular analyses (see R. A. Levin et al. 2003, 2004). Ludwigia is distinguished by the absence of a floral tube, persistence of sepals on capsules after other floral parts dehisce, pollen shed in tetrads or polyads (or as monads in some sections, tetrads sometimes found elsewhere in Onagraceae), double ovule vascular supply, uniquely including a central supply (R. H. Eyde 1981), single-celled ovule archesporium (H. Tobe and P. H. Raven 1996), and a base chromosome number of x = 8.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Warren L. Wagner +  and Peter C. Hoch +
W. L. Wagner & Hoch +
North America +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Bermuda +, Central America +, South America +, Eurasia +, Africa +, Atlantic Islands +, Indian Ocean Islands +, Pacific Islands +, Australasia +, nearly worldwide +  and primarily New World. +
Syst. Bot. Monogr. +
Onagraceae subfam. Ludwigioideae +
Onagraceae +
subfamily +