Oenothera linifolia


J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 2: 120. 1821.

Synonyms: Kneiffia linifolia (Nuttall) Spach Oenothera linifolia var. glandulosa Munz Peniophyllum linifolium (Nuttall) Pennell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.

Herbs annual, caulescent, strig­illose or glabrous, also often glandular puberulent, especially distally; from a sparsely branched taproot. Stems un­branched or with many ascending branches arising near base, erect, 10–50 cm. Leaves in a basal rosette and cauline, basal 1–2(–4) × 0.2–0.6 cm, petiole 0.2–1(–1.5) cm, blade ovate to obovate or narrowly elliptic; cauline 1–4 × less than 0.1 cm, sessile, blade linear or filiform. Flowers usually 1–3 opening per day near sunrise; buds without free tips; sepals 1.5–2 mm; petals bright yellow, fading pink, obcordate to obovate, 3–5(–7) mm; filaments 1–2 mm, anthers 0.5–1 mm; style 1–2 mm, stigma surrounded by anthers at anthesis. Capsules ellipsoid-rhombic to subglobose, 4-angled, 4–6(–10) × 1.5–3 mm, stipe 0–4 mm, valve midrib raised at distal end, indehiscent or tardily dehiscent distally; sessile. Seeds clustered in each locule, ovoid, surface minutely papillose, 1 × 0.5 mm. 2n = 14.

Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jun(–Aug).
Habitat: Prairies, open woodlands, open rocky and sandy sites, roadsides.
Elevation: 0–400 m.


Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Kans., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex.


Kneiffia linearifolia Spach (1835) is an illegitimate name based on Oenothera linifolia.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Oenothera linifolia"
Warren L. Wagner +
Nuttall +
Peniophyllum +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +  and Tex. +
0–400 m. +
Prairies, open woodlands, open rocky and sandy sites, roadsides. +
Flowering Apr–Jun(–Aug). +
J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia +
Kneiffia linifolia +, Oenothera linifolia var. glandulosa +  and Peniophyllum linifolium +
Oenothera linifolia +
Oenothera sect. Peniophyllum +
species +