Oeceoclades maculata

(Lindley) Lindley

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., 237. 1833.

Basionym: Angraecum maculatum Lindley Coll. Bot., plate 15 and text on facing page. 1821
Synonyms: Eulophia maculata (Lindley) Reichenbach f. Eulophidium maculatum (Lindley) Pfitzer
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 641. Mentioned on page 640.

Plants 20–43 cm. Roots fibrous, white, stout. Pseudobulbs dark green, ovoid to orbicular, 2–5 × 1–3 cm, often concealed by imbricate fibrous sheaths or 1 closely appressed sheath, 1-leaved at apex. Leaves: blade nearly erect, olive green with dark green mottling, oblong-elliptic, abaxially keeled, 12–32 × 3.5–5.5 cm, succulent leathery, apex acute. Inflorescences lax, 10–42 cm; peduncles erect, slender, with few remote sheaths. Flowers 5–15, 9–15 mm wide; sepals and petals light brown to pinkish green; sepals 8–12 × 2–3 mm; dorsal sepal linear-oblong, apex acute; lateral sepals slightly falcate; petals oblong-elliptic, 12 × 4 mm, apex acute; lip white with 2 parallel pink blotches, 9–14 × 8–12 mm, lateral lobes erect, white with thin, radiating purple lines, orbiculate, spur curved, 5 × 2 mm; column curved, white, 5–7 mm. Capsules pendent, elliptic-oblong, to 3.5 cm.

Phenology: Flowering Aug–Nov.
Habitat: In humus under shady forests, in orchards and residential areas
Elevation: 0–10 m


V26 1316-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Africa.


Oeceoclades maculata was first discovered in the United States in Miami-Dade County, Florida in 1974, and is spreading rapidly in central and southern Florida. It is not known whether it escaped from cultivation or arrived in Florida via windblown seeds from the Greater Antilles or the nearby Bahama Archipelago.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Oeceoclades maculata"
Roger L. Hammer +
(Lindley) Lindley +
Angraecum maculatum +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +  and Africa. +
0–10 m +
In humus under shady forests, in orchards and residential areas +
Flowering Aug–Nov. +
Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., +
Illustrated +
Eulophia maculata +  and Eulophidium maculatum +
Oeceoclades maculata +
Oeceoclades +
species +