Sp. Pl. 2: 663. 1753.


Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 297. 1754.

Etymology: Greek hesperos, evening, alluding to time when flowers of some species are most fragrant
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 562. Mentioned on page 226, 235, 242.

Plants with caudex; not scapose; pubescent or glabrous, trichomes simple and/or forked, often mixed with unicellular glands on uniseriate stalks. Stems erect, unbranched or branched. Leaves basal and cauline; petiolate [sessile]; basal rosulate [not rosulate], blade margins entire, dentate, or pinnatifid; cauline similar to basal. Racemes (corymbose), considerably elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels divaricate or ascending [reflexed], slender or stout. Flowers: sepals oblong [linear], (sometimes connivent), lateral pair strongly saccate basally, (pubescent or glabrous); petals obovate [oblong], (much longer than sepals), claw distinctly differentiated from blade, (apex rounded [obtuse]); stamens strongly tetradynamous; filaments (erect), slender or dilated basally; anthers linear [oblong], (apex obtuse); nectar glands (2), lateral, annular or lunar. Fruits tardily dehiscent, sessile, linear, torulose; valves each with prominent midvein, glabrous; replum rounded; septum complete; ovules 4–40 per ovary; style obsolete or distinct (relatively short); stigma conical (lobes prominent, connivent or distinct, decurrent). Seeds plump, not winged, oblong; seed coat (reticulate), not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons incumbent.


Introduced; se Europe, c, sw Asia, n Africa, introduced also in South America (Argentina, Chile).


Species 25 (1 in the flora).

... more about "Hesperis"
Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz +
Linnaeus +
se Europe +, c +, sw Asia +, n Africa +, introduced also in South America (Argentina +  and Chile). +
Greek hesperos, evening, alluding to time when flowers of some species are most fragrant +
Sp. Pl. +  and Gen. Pl. ed. +
1753 +  and 1754 +
dvoak1966a +  and dvoak1973a +
Cruciferae +
Hesperis +
Brassicaceae tribe Hesperideae +