Eriobotrya japonica

(Thunberg) Lindley

Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 102. 1821.

Basionym: Mespilus japonica Thunberg Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3: 208. 1780
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 432.

Stems: bark ± smooth. Leaves: petiole 6–10 mm; blade margins dentate in distal 1/2, lateral veins 15–25 per side, apex acute. Inflorescences: branches stiff, densely rufous-tomentose, with 1–3 barely reduced leaflike bracts, flowers ± sessile; bracteoles deciduous, narrowly triangular, margins entire, rufous-tomentose. Flowers: sepals 3 × 3 mm; petals ± spreading, often notched, 8–10 mm. Pomes: flesh sweet. Seeds 3–5, black, ovoid, shiny. 2n = 34.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Redwood forests, suburban and urban woodlots
Elevation: 0–100 m


V9 730-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Calif., Fla., Ga., La., Asia (China), introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Europe, n, s Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia.


Naturalized plants of Eriobotrya japonica are only sporadically found in North America. The species is apparently native to east-central China (Gu C. and S. A. Spongberg 2003c), but it has long been cultivated and is now spontaneous in a much larger Asian area. The species is cultivated widely for its fruit in warm temperate and subtropical regions.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Eriobotrya japonica"
James B. Phipps +
(Thunberg) Lindley +
Mespilus japonica +
Calif. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Asia (China) +, introduced also in Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Europe +, n +, s Africa +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +  and Australia. +
0–100 m +
Redwood forests, suburban and urban woodlots +
Flowering spring. +
Trans. Linn. Soc. London +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
Eriobotrya japonica +
Eriobotrya +
species +