Entodon cladorrhizans

(Hedwig) Müller Hal.

Linnaea 18: 707. 1845.

Basionym: Neckera cladorrhizans Hedwig Sp. Musc. Frond., 207, plate 47, figs. 1 – 7. 1801
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 505. Mentioned on page 503.

Plants in dense mats, bright to yellow-green, sometimes tinged golden brown. Stems to 6 cm, subpinnate, branches complanate-foliate. Leaves erect to erect-spreading, broadly oblong-ovate, 2 mm (branch leaves 1.5–1.8 mm); margins plane, entire proximally, serrulate and often notched distally; apex gradually acute; costa double, short; alar region ± abruptly differentiated, 1-stratose, not reaching costa. Sexual condition autoicous. Seta reddish, 0.7–2 cm. Capsule cylindric, 2–3 mm; annulus 1–3-seriate, deciduous; operculum long-conic to bluntly obliquely rostrate; exostome teeth reddish, external surface coarsely papillose proximally, finely papillose apically, often perforate; endostome segments smooth to slightly roughened. Spores 13–20 µm.

Habitat: Rotten wood, bark at base of trees, soil, humus, rock in dry, deciduous forests
Elevation: low to moderate elevations


V28 786-distribution-map.gif

Alta., Man., N.B., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.


Entodon cladorrhizans is best recognized by its mostly complanate-foliate branches, reddish setae, well-developed annulus, and papillose exostome teeth. The species has been confused with E. schleicheri in the western part of its range, but can be distinguished by its broader, more gradually tapering leaves with an apical cell about 2:1 (as well as sporophytic differences).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Entodon cladorrhizans"
William R. Buck +
(Hedwig) Müller Hal. +
Neckera cladorrhizans +
Alta. +, Man. +, N.B. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
low to moderate elevations +
Rotten wood, bark at base of trees, soil, humus, rock in dry, deciduous forests +
Entodon cladorrhizans +
species +