Echinomastus intertextus

(Engelmann) Britton & Rose

Cact. 3: 149. 1922.

Basionym: Echinocactus intertextus Engelmann Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 277. 1856
Synonyms: Neolloydia intertexta (Engelmann) L. D. Benson Sclerocactus intertextus (Engelmann) N. P. Taylor
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 196. Mentioned on page 192, 193, 195, 217.

Stems 5–17(–20) × 3–10 cm; ribs ca. 13; areoles (5–)9–11 mm apart along ribs; areolar glands absent. Spines 20–29 per areole, dull tan to pale gray, pinkish, or reddish brown (rarely dull white or straw colored), usually tipped reddish brown; radial spines 13–25 per areole; abaxial (shortest) radial spine 5–13 × 0.2–0.4 mm; adaxial and lateral (longest) radial spines 9–20 mm; central spines (3–)4 per areole, abaxial central spine porrect, straight or nearly so, (0–)0.5–14(–20) mm; others 10–18(–20) × 0.2–0.5 mm. Flowers 2.5–3(–3.8) × 2.5–3(–3.8) cm; inner tepals silvery white to pale lavender pink (rarely white with pale pink midstripes), 1.3–2.5 cm × (1–)3–5.5 mm; stigma lobes bright red or pink (rarely white). Fruits immediately dehiscent through wide basal pore (= circumscissile abscission scar), ± spheric, 6–15 × (6–)8–15 mm. 2n = 22.


V4 368-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., N.Mex., Tex., n Mexico.


Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

The mature part of the stem of Echinomastus intertextus is sometimes positioned above ground level on a stalklike proximal part of the stem, which often remains narrowly cylindric while the distal part broadens to the normal diameter of the adult stem. This contrasts with the other species of Echinomastus, which lack a stalklike stem portion between the roots and mature part of the stem. Many populations of E. intertextus are intermediate between the two varieties, i.e., they contain a wide range of central spine lengths. Consequently, sampling error (usually only one specimen from each population) created the illusion of extensive sympatry between long-spined and short-spined varieties.

Selected References



1 Radial spines and adaxial central spines closely appressed; abaxial, porrect central spine 0.5-4(-5) mm Echinomastus intertextus var. intertextu
1 Radial and adaxial central spines diffusely spreading; abaxial, porrect central spine 4-15(-20) mm Echinomastus intertextus var. dasyacanth