Ecballium elaterium

(Linnaeus) A. Richard

in J. B. Bory de Saint-Vincent et al., Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. 6: 19. 1824.

Basionym: Momordica elaterium Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 1010. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 11.

Stems 15–80 cm. Leaves long-petiolate; blade bicolor, 4–10 cm, fleshy, abaxially lighter because of densely hirsute to hirsutulous vestiture. Staminate flowers 1 or 2–8 in racemes 5–35 cm. Pistillate flowers: peduncles erect, sharply recurved-nodding at apex so that mature fruit is pendent, 1–8 cm. Corollas (14–)18–20 mm diam.; petals 8–16 mm (staminate) or 6–14 mm (pistillate). Fruits 4–5.5 cm, pendulous on peduncles 1–8 cm. Seeds 4–5 mm. 2n = 18, 24.

Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Disturbed sites
Elevation: 20–100 m


V6 9-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ala., N.Y., Pa., e, se, sw Europe, w Asia, n Africa, introduced also in w Europe (England), Australia.


Some, perhaps all, collections of Ecballium from New York and Pennsylvania may represent garden curiosities rather than escaped or established populations.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Ecballium elaterium"
Guy L. Nesom +
(Linnaeus) A. Richard +
Momordica elaterium +
Ala. +, N.Y. +, Pa. +, e +, se +, sw Europe +, w Asia +, n Africa +, introduced also in w Europe (England) +  and Australia. +
20–100 m +
Disturbed sites +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
in J. B. Bory de Saint-Vincent et al., Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
Ecballium elaterium +
Ecballium +
species +