Decodon verticillatus

(Linnaeus) Elliott

Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 544. 1821. (as verticillatum)

Basionym: Lythrum verticillatum Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 446. 1753
Synonyms: Decodon verticillatus var. laevigatus Torrey & A. Gray D. verticillatus var. pubescens Torrey & A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.
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Leaves: petiole 3–12 mm; blade 30–200 × 5–50 mm, sur­faces glabrous or puberulent ab­axially, trichomes pale brown. Inflorescences 6–24-flowered. Pedicels 4–13 mm. Floral tube 5–8 × 3–5 mm, glabrous or puberulent; epicalyx segments linear, 2–3 mm; petals obovate or elliptic, 8–15 × 3.5–6 mm; stamens in 2 whorls, of 3 lengths, each flower with 2 of the 3 lengths. Capsules globose, loculicidally dehiscent. Seeds 1.5 × 1.5 mm; embryo surrounded by dense, small-celled spongy tissue. 2n = 32.

Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Swamps, marshes, margins of lakes, ponds, or pools, margins of pools in fens.
Elevation: 0–500 m.


N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.


The distinction made between glabrous inland and puberulent coastal plain populations of Decodon verticillatus has proven only partly accurate. Plants with some degree of indument are the most common form throughout the range; there are relatively few individuals that are entirely glabrous. There are no distinct geographical limits based on presence or ab­sence of trichomes. Regional variability is seen in the extent to which the three style morphs are expressed; mid-style floral morphs are absent toward the northern limits of the range (M. E. Dorken and C. G. Eckert 2001).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Decodon verticillatus"
Shirley A. Graham +
(Linnaeus) Elliott +
Lythrum verticillatum +
N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–500 m. +
Swamps, marshes, margins of lakes, ponds, or pools, margins of pools in fens. +
Flowering summer–fall. +
Sketch Bot. S. Carolina +
Decodon verticillatus var. laevigatus +  and D. verticillatus var. pubescens +
Decodon verticillatus +
species +