Cyclopogon elatus

(Swartz) Schlechter

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 8: 53. 1919.

Basionym: Satyrium elatum Swartz Prodr., 119. 1788
Synonyms: Beadlea elata (Swartz) Small ex Britton Sauroglossum richardii Ames Spiranthes elata (Swartz) Richard
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 522. Mentioned on page 521.

Herbs to 75 cm. Roots fusiform-cylindric, 13 cm × 3–10 mm. Leaves 2–6; petiole erect, 3–10 cm; blade green abaxially and adaxially, narrowly to broadly elliptic, or elliptic-lanceolate, 3.7–13 × 1.6–6.4 cm, apex obtuse to acute-acuminate. Inflorescences immaculate, green to greenish brown; scape to 57 cm × 1–5 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; racemes 7–50-flowered, 7–23 cm, pubescent; floral bracts erect, immaculate or minutely speckled, lanceolate, 8–19 mm. Flowers green to coppery brown, sometimes purplish, tubular-funnelform; sepals basally connate for 0.1 mm, abaxially pubescent; dorsal sepal elliptic-lanceolate, 4.5–7 × 1.5–2 mm, apex acuminate; lateral sepals slightly sinuate-falcate, narrowly oblong, 5–7.5 × 1–2 mm; petals linear to narrowly spatulate, 4–6.5 × 0.5–0.75 mm, glabrous; lip white, canaliculate, pandurate to oblong-ovate, then constricted distal to middle, distal portion flabellate to reniform, usually broadest, or distal and proximal portions equal in width, 5–7 × 2–4 mm, base laterally thickened, with or without pair of tubercles, margins entire or crenulate; column slender, 3.5–4.5 mm; pollinia yellow. Capsules erect-spreading, ellipsoid, 6–12 × 4–6 mm. 2n = 28, 30, 45.

Phenology: Flowering Feb–Mar.
Habitat: In humus of moist, rocky hammocks
Elevation: 0–20 m


V26 1062-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, n South America.


Morphologic variation is substantial in Cyclopogon elatus. Variants may be sympatric and locally distinct (J. D. Ackerman 1995), or they may form a continuous series within or among regions. I suspect that inbreeding (via self-pollination) is prevalent and has generated and maintained local variation.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cyclopogon elatus"
James D. Ackerman +
(Swartz) Schlechter +
Satyrium elatum +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and n South America. +
0–20 m +
In humus of moist, rocky hammocks +
Flowering Feb–Mar. +
Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. +
Beadlea elata +, Sauroglossum richardii +  and Spiranthes elata +
Cyclopogon elatus +
Cyclopogon +
species +