Cryphaea filiformis

(Hedwig) Bridel

Muscol. Recent., suppl. 4: 139. 1818.

Basionym: Neckera filiformis Hedwig Sp. Musc. Frond., 202. 1801
Synonyms: Cryphaea floridensis H. A. Crum C. glomerata var. scabra Grout
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 585. Mentioned on page 586, 587.

Stems with branches elongate, branched. Leaves wide-spreading when moist, 1.3–1.6 mm; apex narrowly acute to short-acuminate; costa ending in base of acumen, laterally spurred, tip not 2-fid. Perichaetia with inner leaves 2.5–2.8 mm, awn distinct, strongly denticulate, 1/2 length expanded portion of leaf. Capsule with peristome double; exostome teeth single; endostome segments slender-triangular. Calyptra conic. Spores papillose.

Phenology: Capsules mature Mar–Apr.
Habitat: Twigs and branches of trees and shrubs, humid forests
Elevation: low elevations (0 m)


V28 918-distribution-map.gif

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America.


Cryphaea filiformis is rather similar vegetatively to C. glomerata, but the branches of the former are generally longer and the interior perichaetial leaves are much longer with proportionally longer awns. Although A. J. Grout (1934) wrote that the capsules of C. filiformis are often at the apices of stems and branches, this is not correct; he was misled by a mixed collection that included Schoenobryum concavifolium in addition to C. filiformis. In S. concavifolium, the perichaetia are terminal. Cryphaea filiformis was attributed to Georgia by A. J. Sharp et al. (1994), but this was an error based on misinterpretation of the specimen label on A. J. Grout’s North American Musci Perfecti 218, a mixed collection partly from southern Florida and partly from southern Georgia.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cryphaea filiformis"
William D. Reese† +
(Hedwig) Bridel +
Neckera filiformis +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +  and Central America. +
low elevations (0 m) +
Twigs and branches of trees and shrubs, humid forests +
Capsules mature Mar–Apr. +
Muscol. Recent., suppl. +
Cryphaea floridensis +  and C. glomerata var. scabra +
Cryphaea filiformis +
Cryphaea +
species +