Conyza bonariensis

(Linnaeus) Cronquist

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 632. 1943.

Basionym: Erigeron bonariensis Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 863. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 349. Mentioned on page 350.

Plants erect, 10–100(–150+) cm, branched mostly distally. Leaves: faces ± densely strigose or hispidulous; proximal blades oblanceolate, 30–80(–120+) × 10–25+ mm, obscurely lobed to coarsely toothed or entire; distal narrowly oblanceolate to linear, 10–50 × 2–10 mm, obscurely toothed or entire. Heads usually in paniculiform to racemiform, rarely corymbiform arrays. Involucres 3.5–5 mm. Phyllaries usually strigose or hispidulous; outer greenish to purplish, lanceolate, shorter; inner stramineous to purplish, linear-attenuate (more chartaceous to scarious, less hairy). Receptacles 3–5 mm diam. in fruit. Pistillate florets 60–150+; corollas ± equaling or surpassing styles, laminae 0 or to 0.3 mm. Disc florets 8–12+. Cypselae pale tan, 1–1.5 mm, faces glabrous or sparsely strigillose; pappi of 15–25+, pinkish, sordid, or tawny bristles 3–4+ mm. 2n = 54.

Phenology: Flowering year round, mostly late summer–fall.
Habitat: Disturbed sites, along roads and streets
Elevation: 0–500 m



Introduced; Ala., Ariz., Calif., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.Mex., N.C., Oreg., S.C., Tex., Utah, Va., South America.


Conyza bonariensis is widespread in tropical and warm-temperate regions of the world. It is thought to be native to South America.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Conyza bonariensis"
John L. Strother +
(Linnaeus) Cronquist +
Erigeron bonariensis +
Ala. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.Mex. +, N.C. +, Oreg. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +  and South America. +
0–500 m +
Disturbed sites, along roads and streets +
Flowering year round, mostly late summer–fall. +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
Introduced +
Compositae +
Conyza bonariensis +
species +