Chimaphila umbellata subsp. umbellata

Synonyms: Chimaphila acuta Rydberg Chimaphila occidentalis Rydberg Chimaphila umbellata subsp. acuta (S. F. Blake) Hultén Chimaphila umbellata var. acuta (Rydberg) S. F. Blake Chimaphila umbellata subsp. cisatlantica (Rydberg) Hultén Chimaphila umbellata var. cisatlantica S. F. Blake Chimaphila umbellata subsp. occidentalis Chimaphila umbellata var. occidentalis (Rydberg) S. F. Blake
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 387.

Plants rhizomatous, 1–4.5 dm. Leaves: petiole 5–12 mm, channeled adaxially, glabrous; blade not maculate, dull and brownish green or copper-green abaxially, shiny and dark green adaxially, narrowly oblanceolate or oblanceolate, ovate, elliptic, or spatulate, (27–)38–80 × 8–27 mm, base cuneate to decurrent, margins coarsely serrate to crenate-serrate, apex acute to obtuse. Inflorescences 3–7-flowered; peduncle 1(–2) per stem, 4–10 cm, papillose to hispidulous, sometimes glabrous proximally; inflorescence bracts acicular to linear-lanceolate, free portions shorter than pedicels from which they arise, 2–6 × 0.4–0.6 mm, proximal ones sometimes subcoriaceous, otherwise membranous, margins entire or denticulate distally. Pedicels 17–35 mm. Flowers: calyx lobes spreading or reflexed in fruit, green, yellowish green, or reddish green to purplish with margins hyaline or white, broadly ovate, 1–2.8 × (1.4–)1.8–2.8 mm, margins erose-denticulate, apex rounded to acute; petals white suffused with pink, pink, or rose, broadly ovate to obovate, 4–12 × 4–8 mm, margins erose-denticulate; stamens 5–7 mm; filament base 0.9–1.5 mm wide, dilated basal portion ciliate; anthers 2–3 mm, thecae pink to brownish pink, tubules pink to white, (0.4–)0.8–1.1 mm, abruptly narrowed from thecae, lateral walls not touching, pores 0.1–0.3 × 0.15–0.3 mm; ovary papillose in lines; style 0.1–0.8 mm; stigma 2.4–4 mm wide. Capsules depressed-globose, 4–6 × 6–10 mm. 2n = 26.

Phenology: Flowering Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Dry, coniferous forests
Elevation: (50-) 300-2900 m


V8 731-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico, West Indies (Hispaniola), Central America (Guatemala), Eurasia.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

Craig C. Freeman +
(Linnaeus) W. P. C. Barton +
Pyrola umbellata +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Mexico +, West Indies (Hispaniola) +, Central America (Guatemala) +  and Eurasia. +
(50-) 300-2900 m +
Dry, coniferous forests +
Flowering Jul–Aug. +
Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. +
Chimaphila acuta +, Chimaphila occidentalis +, Chimaphila umbellata subsp. acuta +, Chimaphila umbellata var. acuta +, Chimaphila umbellata subsp. cisatlantica +, Chimaphila umbellata var. cisatlantica +, Chimaphila umbellata subsp. occidentalis +  and Chimaphila umbellata var. occidentalis +
Chimaphila umbellata subsp. umbellata +
Chimaphila umbellata +
subspecies +