Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 658. Mentioned on page 659.

Herbs 4–4.5 dm. Stems greenish, sometimes dull reddish, hairs spreading, short to long. Leaves green, linear-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, margins plane; lobe apex acute. Inflorescences 6–21 × 2–4 cm; bracts green to purple throughout, or distally bright red to orange or salmon, (0–)3-lobed. Calyces proximally green to purple, distally red to orange, 20–30 mm; abaxial clefts 15–20 mm, adaxial 12–13 mm, lateral 3–5 mm; lobe apex acute to acuminate. Corollas 31–42 mm; beak exceeding calyx but beak, abaxial lip, and often part of tube usually exserted out abaxial cleft; beak adaxially green to yellow-green, rarely yellow, margins red to orange, rarely yellow, not strongly contrasting with color of calyces; abaxial lip green; teeth green to purple, sometimes red at tip, 0.6 mm. 2n = ca. 72.

Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jul.
Habitat: Brushy openings in pine-oak woods.
Elevation: 200–2200 m.


Variety subinclusa is endemic to openings in the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada from Placer County south to Calaveras County in central California. It is geographically replaced by var. franciscana to the west and by var. jepsonii to the south and southwest.

Selected References


Lower Taxa