Cardamine oligosperma


in J. Torrey and A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 85. 1838.

Synonyms: Cardamine acuminata (Nuttall) Rydberg Cardamine hirsuta var. acuminata Nuttall Cardamine hirsuta var. bracteata O. E. Schulz Cardamine hirsuta subsp. oligosperma (Nuttall) O. E. Schulz Cardamine hirsuta var. parviflora Nuttall Cardamine oligosperma var. bracteata (O. E. Schulz) G. S. Torrey Cardamine oligosperma var. lucens G. S. Torrey Cardamine oligosperma var. unijuga (Rydberg) G. S. Torrey Cardamine unijuga
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 479. Mentioned on page 466, 475, 484.

Annuals or biennials; usually sparsely hirsute (at least proximally), rarely glabrous. Rhizomes absent. Stems (simple or few from base), erect to ascending, (not flexuous), unbranched or branched distally, (0.5–)0.8–3.2(–4.1) dm, usually pubescent throughout or proximally, rarely glabrous. Basal leaves (persistent to anthesis), rosulate, pinnately compound, 5–9(–13)-foliolate, 2–8.5(–11) cm, leaflets petiolulate or subsessile; petiole 1–6 cm; lateral leaflets petiolulate or subsessile, blade obovate to oblanceolate, smaller than terminal, margins entire or crenate; terminal leaflet (petiolule 0.1–0.7 cm), blade usually orbicular to ovate, rarely oblong, 0.4–1.5(–2.3) cm × 3–10(–13) mm, base cordate to rounded, margins entire, or crenate-dentate to obscurely 3 or 5-lobed, (surfaces often hirsute, sometimes glabrous). Cauline leaves 3–8, pinnately compound, similar to basal, smaller and fewer distally, petiolate, leaflets petiolulate or subsessile; petiole 0.5–2 cm, base not auriculate. Racemes ebracteate. Fruiting pedicels divaricate-ascending, (2–)3–9(–12) mm. Flowers: sepals oblong, 1.3–1.8(–2) × 0.5–1 mm, lateral pair not saccate basally; petals white, narrowly spatulate to oblanceolate, 2.5–3.5 × 0.9–1.5 mm (not clawed); filaments: median pairs 1.7–2.5 mm, lateral pair 1.2–2 mm; anthers ovate, 0.3–0.5 mm. Fruits linear, (torulose), (1.3–)1.6–2.8 cm × 1–1.7 mm; (valves glabrous or sparsely pubescent); ovules 16–36(–42) per ovary; style 0.4–1(–1.5) mm. Seeds brown, oblong, 1–1.6 × 0.8–1.2 mm. 2n = 16.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jul.
Habitat: Stream banks, shady banks, creek bottoms, lakeshores, meadows, moist areas, wooded slopes
Elevation: 50-3300 m


V7 738-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo., Mexico (Baja California).


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cardamine oligosperma"
Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz +, Karol Marhold +  and Judita Lihová +
Nuttall +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +, Wyo. +  and Mexico (Baja California). +
50-3300 m +
Stream banks, shady banks, creek bottoms, lakeshores, meadows, moist areas, wooded slopes +
Flowering Mar–Jul. +
in J. Torrey and A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. +
Cardamine acuminata +, Cardamine hirsuta var. acuminata +, Cardamine hirsuta var. bracteata +, Cardamine hirsuta subsp. oligosperma +, Cardamine hirsuta var. parviflora +, Cardamine oligosperma var. bracteata +, Cardamine oligosperma var. lucens +, Cardamine oligosperma var. unijuga +  and Cardamine unijuga +
Cardamine oligosperma +
Cardamine +
species +