Cardamine concatenata

(Michaux) O. Schwarz

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 188. 1939.

Basionym: Dentaria concatenata Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 30. 1803
Synonyms: Cardamine laciniata var. integra O. E. Schulz Cardamine laciniata var. lasiocarpa O. E. Schulz Dentaria laciniata Dentaria laciniata var. alterna Farwell Dentaria laciniata var. coalescens Fernald Dentaria laciniata var. integra (O. E. Schulz) Fernald Dentaria laciniata var. latifolia Farwell Dentaria laciniata var. opposita Farwell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 470. Mentioned on page 224, 466, 477.

Perennials; usually sparsely pubescent, sometimes glabrous. Rhizomes (tuberiform, fragile), moniliform, segments fusiform, 2–10(–20) mm diam. (fleshy). Stems erect, unbranched, (1–)2–4(–5.5) dm, glabrous or pubescent distally. Rhizomal leaves 3-foliolate, (7–)10–20(–30) cm, leaflets sessile; petiole (4–)7–18(–25) cm; lateral leaflets similar to terminal, blade sometimes smaller; terminal leaflet blade oblong, lanceolate, oblanceolate, or linear, 2.5–6 cm, base cuneate, margins coarsely dentate to incised, laciniate, or 3-lobed (lobes usually toothed to incised, rarely entire, surfaces puberulent or not, trichomes 0.2–0.3 mm). Cauline leaves (2 or) 3, 3-foliolate (usually whorled or opposite, rarely alternate, similar in morphology to rhizomal leaves), petiolate, leaflets petiolulate or subsessile; petiole (1–)1.5–6(–7.5) cm, base not auriculate; lateral leaflets sessile, blade similar to terminal, sometimes smaller; terminal leaflet subsessile or petiolulate (to 3 cm), blade lanceolate, linear, or oblanceolate, (3–)4–10(–12) cm × (3–)5–20(–25) mm, margins usually coarsely dentate to incised, rarely subentire (margins minutely puberulent). Racemes ebracteate. Fruiting pedicels ascending to divaricate, (6–)10–27(–33) mm. Flowers: sepals oblong, (4–)5–8 × 2–4 mm, lateral pair slightly saccate basally; petals white to pale pink, oblanceolate, (8–)10–20 × (3–)4–7(–9) mm, (short-clawed, apex rounded); filaments: median pairs 8–12 mm, lateral pair 6–8 mm; anthers oblong-linear, 1.5–2.5 mm. Fruits linear-lanceolate, (2–)2.5–3.8(–4.8) cm × 1.5–3 mm; (valves glabrous or sparsely pubescent); ovules 10–14 per ovary; style (2–)5–9(–12) mm. Seeds brown, oblong, 1.6–3 × 1.8–2 mm. 2n = 128–256.

Phenology: Flowering Feb–May.
Habitat: Wooded bottoms and bluffs, rich woods, limestone cliffs and outcrops, rocky banks, mesic forests, moist areas with leaf litter, floodplain woods
Elevation: 0-1000 m


V7 718-distribution-map.gif

Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cardamine concatenata"
Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz +, Karol Marhold +  and Judita Lihová +
(Michaux) O. Schwarz +
Dentaria concatenata +
Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0-1000 m +
Wooded bottoms and bluffs, rich woods, limestone cliffs and outcrops, rocky banks, mesic forests, moist areas with leaf litter, floodplain woods +
Flowering Feb–May. +
Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. +
Cardamine laciniata var. integra +, Cardamine laciniata var. lasiocarpa +, Dentaria laciniata +, Dentaria laciniata var. alterna +, Dentaria laciniata var. coalescens +, Dentaria laciniata var. integra +, Dentaria laciniata var. latifolia +  and Dentaria laciniata var. opposita +
Cardamine concatenata +
Cardamine +
species +