Buxus sempervirens


Sp. Pl. 2: 983. 1753.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.
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Shrubs 1–3(–8) m, glabrous, except puberulent on young shoots, petioles, and basal portion of leaves. Leaves: petiole to 2 mm; blade elliptic to widely elliptic, 1.5–3 × 0.7–1.7 cm, base cuneate, apex obtuse or, occasionally, retuse, surfaces darker green adaxially. Capsules 8 mm diam. Seeds 5–6 mm. 2n = 28.

Phenology: Flowering spring; fruiting late summer–fall.
Habitat: Old homesites, waste places.
Elevation: 0–1000 m.


Introduced; N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tenn., Va., W.Va., s, w Europe, sw Asia, nw Africa.


The hard, heavy wood of Buxus sempervirens is used for engraving, marquetry, turning, tool handles, mallet heads, and musical instruments. All parts of the plant are toxic if ingested; contact with the plant may cause dermatitis (W. H. Lewis and M. P. F. Elvin-Lewis 1977).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Buxus sempervirens"
David E. Boufford +
Linnaeus +
N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Tenn. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, s +, w Europe +, sw Asia +  and nw Africa. +
0–1000 m. +
Old homesites, waste places. +
Flowering spring +  and fruiting late summer–fall. +
Buxus sempervirens +
species +