Burmannia capitata

(Walter ex J. F. Gmelin) Martius

Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 1: 12. 1823.

Basionym: Vogelia capitata Walter ex J. F. Gmelin Syst. Nat. 1: 107. 1791
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 487. Mentioned on page 488.

Stems 3–24(–33) cm. Leaves: basal leaves 0–3, ± same size as cauline leaves; cauline leaves subulate-lanceolate, 2–8 × 0.3–1.2 mm. Inflorescences 2–25-flowered cymes, usually appearing capitate (rarely less contracted), or occasionally flower solitary; cyme rachis usually absent, rarely to 6 mm; floral bracts subulate to lanceolate, 1.5–4 mm. Flowers 3-ribbed or slightly 3-winged, 2–6 mm; perianth cream-colored to white, sometimes tinged with blue or green; perianth tube (3- or) 6-lobed, to 0.8 mm wide; outer lobes usually incurved, triangular, 0.3–0.5 mm, margins involute; inner lobes absent or linear to elliptic, to 0.3 mm; pedicel 0–1 mm. Capsules 1.5–3 mm.

Phenology: Flowering mostly late summer–fall.
Habitat: Low woods, pond margins, savannas, bogs, swamps, ditches
Elevation: 0–100 m


V26 1010-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America (to Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil).


Chromosome counts of this species are not known from our region. A count of 2n = ca. 136 was reported for collections from Argentina.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Burmannia capitata"
Deborah Q. Lewis +
(Walter ex J. F. Gmelin) Martius +
Vogelia capitata +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America (to Argentina +, Paraguay +, Bolivia +  and Brazil). +
0–100 m +
Low woods, pond margins, savannas, bogs, swamps, ditches +
Flowering mostly late summer–fall. +
Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. +
Illustrated +
Burmannia capitata +
Burmannia +
species +