Beta vulgaris


Sp. Pl. 1: 222. 1753.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 266. Mentioned on page 259, 265.

Roots fibrous or fleshy. Leaves: petiole 1/2–2/3 or equaling blade length; blade dark red to green, usually with pronounced midrib, somewhat fleshy. Inflorescences cymes, 1–8-flowered, interrupted towards base. Perianth urn-shaped; segments 3–5 × 2–3 mm; receptacle pelviform. Achenes 5–11 per cluster, 3–5 mm. Seeds 1.5–2 mm.


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Ala., Calif., Conn., Maine, Mass., N.C., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va., Vt., W.Va., s Europe.


Subspecies ca. 3 (2 in the flora).

Selected References



1 Basal leaves usually longer than 10 cm; stems erect; cymes 2-8-flowered; roots swollen, fleshy Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
1 Basal leaves shorter than 10 cm; stems procumbent to erect; cymes 1-3-flowered; roots fibrous to ± swollen, not fleshy Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima