Enum. Pl. 1: 333. 1809.
Rootstock erect. Leaf blades 1–15 cm × 0.5–3 mm, base 1- or ± 3-veined, faces glabrous or hairy. Scapes erect, 2–60 cm, glabrous or hairy. Inflorescences: involucral sheath 5–32 mm; outermost involucral bract ovate to triangular-lanceolate, 4–14 mm, shorter than, equaling, or exceeding head, mucronate or not; heads 13–28 mm diam. Flowers monomorphic, with all stigmas papillate and pollen reticulate, or dimorphic, with papillate stigmas and finely reticulate pollen or smooth stigmas and coarsely reticulate pollen; calyx tube hairy on and between ribs (holotrichous), on ribs only (pleurotrichous), or glabrous (atrichous); teeth triangular to shallowly triangular, awned or not; corolla pink to white; petals showy and exceeding calyx or reduced and included in calyx. 2n = 18.
B.C., Man., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Colo., Oreg., Wash., Eurasia.
Subspecies 10 (4 in the flora).
|1||Flowers dimorphic, papillate stigmas associated with finely reticulate pollen and smooth stigmas associated with coarsely reticulate pollen||Armeria maritima subsp. maritima|
|1||Flowers monomorphic, stigmas all papillate with coarsely reticulate pollen||> 2|
|2||Inflorescence sheath lengths usually 0.75 times diam. of flower heads; outer involucral bracts almost equaling or exceeding flower head; scapes glabrous; calyces hairy on ribs||Armeria maritima subsp. californica|
|2||Inflorescence sheath lengths usually 0.5-0.75 times diam. of flower heads; outer involucral bracts 0.5-0.75 times flower head; scapes glabrous or hairy; calyces hairy throughout, on ribs only, or glabrous||> 3|
|3||Calyces hairy throughout or on ribs only; scapes glabrous or hairy; leaf blades hairy or glabrous||Armeria maritima subsp. sibirica|
|3||Calyces glabrous; scapes glabrous; leaf blades glabrous||Armeria maritima subsp. interior|