Alternanthera caracasana


in A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 205. 1818.

Synonyms: Alternanthera peploides (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Schultes) Urban
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 451. Mentioned on page 448, 449.

Herbs, perennial, 1–5 dm. Stems prostrate to procumbent, villous, glabrate. Leaves sessile; blade rhombic-ovate, oval, or obovate, usually longer than broad, 0.5–2.5 × 0.3–1.5 cm, apex rounded, apiculate, sparsely villous, glabrate. Inflorescences axillary, sessile; heads white to stramineous, ovoid, 0.5–0.8 × 0.4–0.6 cm; bracts shorter than tepals, apex long-attenuate, aristate. Flowers: tepals dimorphic, whitish to stramineous, lanceolate, 3–5 mm, apex acuminate, spinose tipped, densely villous, hairs barbed; stamens 5; pseudostaminodes triangular or subulate, shorter than filaments, margins usually entire, rarely dentate. Utricles included within tepals, brown, ovoid-orbicular, 1.5 mm, apex slightly truncate. Seeds ovate-orbiculate, 1–1.5 mm.

Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Gravel, sand bars, sidewalks
Elevation: 0-2000 m


V4 887-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.Mex., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tex., Mexico, Central America, South America.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Alternanthera caracasana"
Steven E. Clemants +
Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.Mex. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, Central America +  and South America. +
0-2000 m +
Gravel, sand bars, sidewalks +
Flowering summer–fall. +
in A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. +
Weedy +, Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Alternanthera peploides +
Alternanthera caracasana +
Alternanthera +
species +