Cornus subg. Cynoxylon

(Rafinesque) Rafinesque

Alsogr. Amer., 59. 1838.

Basionym: Cornus sect. Cynoxylon Rafinesque Med. Fl. 1: 132. 1828
Synonyms: Benthamidia Spach Cynoxylon (Rafinesque) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 445. Mentioned on page 444.

Shrubs or trees; rhizomes absent. Branches and leaves opposite. Inflorescences capitula; bracts 4–6, well developed, petaloid, subtending inflorescence and surrounding or enclosing it over winter. Pedicels absent. Drupes distinct; stone apex dimpled to rounded.


North America, Mexico.


Species 2 (2 in the flora).

Selected References



1 Drupes angular in cross section, closely appressed to each other; petaloid bracts 4–6 per inflorescence; w North America. Cornus nuttallii
1 Drupes round in cross section, spreading from each other; petaloid bracts 4 per inflorescence; e North America. Cornus florida