Convallaria majalis


Sp. Pl. 1: 314. 1753.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 205. Mentioned on page 206.
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Plants 1–3 dm. Leaves 15–50 × 2.5–13 cm; petiole 4–30 cm; blade 9–26 cm, strongly or weakly veined. Inflorescence bracts scarious, 4–20 mm. Flowers: tepals 6, white, midribs prominent, white or green, lobes 1–3 mm, with microscopic glands; pedicel 7–11 mm. Berries 1–9, 1–5-seeded, 6–12 mm. Seeds 3–4 mm. 2n = 38.


Deciduous forests of e North America, w Europe, e Asia.


Varieties 3 (2 in the flora).

Selected References



1 Plants forming dense colonies; leaf blades green until frost; bracts 4–10 mm, shorter than pedicel; tepal midribs white. Convallaria majalis var. majalis
1 Plants scattered or forming small groups; leaf blades yellowing in late summer; bracts 10–20 mm, equaling or longer than pedicel; tepal midribs green. Convallaria majalis var. montana