Scrophularia californica

Chamisso & Schlechtendal

Linnaea 2: 585. 1827. (as Scrofularia)

Synonyms: Scrophularia californica subsp. floribunda (Greene) R. J. Shaw S. californica var. floribunda Greene S. californica var. oregana (Pennell) B. Boivin S. multiflora Pennell S. oregana Pennell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 343. Mentioned on page 101, 340, 344.
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Herbs, perennial, 8–12 dm; herbage light green to dark green, glandular-pubescent. Leaves: petiole length 1/3–1/2 blade; blade deltate or ovate to lanceolate, 8–17 cm, length 1.5–3 times width, base cordate to truncate, sometimes cuneate, margins serrate or dentate, sometimes incised. Pedicels slender to moderately stout, glabrate or stipitate-glandular. Flowers: corolla red, brown-red, or green, unicolored or ± bicolored, paler abaxially, 8–12 mm, throat narrow to open; staminode red, brown-red, or green, clavate to obovate, length greater than width, apex sometimes acute. 2n = ca. 90–96.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jul.
Habitat: Relatively damp places on slopes, chaparral, woodlands, roadsides.
Elevation: 0–2500 m.


B.C., Ariz., Calif., Oreg., Wash., Mexico (Baja California).


Subspecies (or var.) floribunda, characteristically from inland and drier areas, may be part of a complex of infraspecific diversity within Scrophularia californica needing investigation.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Scrophularia californica"
Kim R. Kersh +
Chamisso & Schlechtendal +
B.C. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +  and Mexico (Baja California). +
0–2500 m. +
Relatively damp places on slopes, chaparral, woodlands, roadsides. +
Flowering Mar–Jul. +
Illustrated +
Scrophularia californica subsp. floribunda +, S. californica var. floribunda +, S. californica var. oregana +, S. multiflora +  and S. oregana +
Scrophularia californica +
Scrophularia +
species +