Difference between revisions of "Ranunculus cymbalaria"

Pursh

Fl. Amer. Sept. 2: 392. 1814.

Common names: Renoncule cymbalaire
Illustrated
Synonyms: Halerpestes cymbalaria (Pursh) Greene Ranunculus cymbalaria var. alpinus Hooker Ranunculus cymbalaria var. saximontanus Fernald
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
FNA>Volume Importer
 
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|common_names=Renoncule cymbalaire
 
|common_names=Renoncule cymbalaire
 
|special_status={{Treatment/ID/Special_status
 
|special_status={{Treatment/ID/Special_status
 +
|code=W1
 +
|label=
 +
}}{{Treatment/ID/Special_status
 
|code=F
 
|code=F
|label=Selected by author to be illustrated
+
|label=Illustrated
}}{{Treatment/ID/Special_status
 
|code=W
 
|label=Weedy
 
 
}}
 
}}
 
|basionyms=
 
|basionyms=
 
|synonyms={{Treatment/ID/Synonym
 
|synonyms={{Treatment/ID/Synonym
|name=Species
+
|name=Halerpestes cymbalaria
 
|authority=(Pursh) Greene
 
|authority=(Pursh) Greene
}}{{Treatment/ID/Synonym
+
|rank=species
|name=Variety
+
}} {{Treatment/ID/Synonym
 +
|name=Ranunculus cymbalaria var. alpinus
 
|authority=Hooker
 
|authority=Hooker
}}{{Treatment/ID/Synonym
+
|rank=variety
|name=Variety
+
}} {{Treatment/ID/Synonym
 +
|name=Ranunculus cymbalaria var. saximontanus
 
|authority=Fernald
 
|authority=Fernald
 +
|rank=variety
 
}}
 
}}
 
|hierarchy=Ranunculaceae;Ranunculus;Ranunculus subg. Cyrtorhyncha;Ranunculus sect. Halodes;Ranunculus cymbalaria
 
|hierarchy=Ranunculaceae;Ranunculus;Ranunculus subg. Cyrtorhyncha;Ranunculus sect. Halodes;Ranunculus cymbalaria
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}}<!--
 
}}<!--
  
--><span class="statement" id="st-d0_s0" data-properties="stem growth form;flowering-stem orientation;flowering-stem orientation;stolon growth form or orientation;stolon architecture;stolon pubescence;stolon pubescence;stolon architecture"><b>Stems </b>dimorphic, flowering-stems erect or ascending, stolons prostrate, rooting nodally, glabrous or sparsely hirsute, not bulbous-based.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s1" data-properties="root architecture;root presence"><b>Tuberous </b>roots absent.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s2" data-properties="basal leaf architecture;basal leaf architecture or shape;blade shape;blade shape;blade shape;blade shape;blade length;blade width;base shape;base shape;base shape;margin shape;margin shape;apex shape"><b>Basal </b>leaves simple and undivided, blades oblong to cordate or circular, 0.7-3.8 × 0.8-3.2 cm, base rounded to cordate, margins crenate or crenate-serrate, apex rounded.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s3" data-properties="receptacle pubescence;receptacle pubescence"><b>Flowers:</b> receptacle hispid or glabrous;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s4" data-properties="sepal orientation;sepal length;sepal width;sepal pubescence">sepals spreading, 2.5-6 × 1.5-3 mm, glabrous;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s5" data-properties="petal quantity;petal coloration;petal length;petal width">petals 5, yellow, 2-7 × 1-3 mm.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s6" data-properties="head shape;head shape;head length;head atypical width;head width"><b>Heads </b>of achenes long-ovoid or cylindric, 6-12 × 4-5 (-9) mm;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s7" data-properties="achene atypical length;achene length;achene width;achene pubescence">achenes 1-1.4 (-2.2) × 0.8-1.2 mm, glabrous;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s8" data-properties="beak duration;beak shape;beak course;beak some measurement;2n chromosome quantity">beak persistent, conic, straight, 0.1-0.2 mm. <b>2n</b> = 16.</span><!--
+
--><span class="statement" id="st-undefined" data-properties=""><b>Stems </b>dimorphic, flowering stems erect or ascending, stolons prostrate, rooting nodally, glabrous or sparsely hirsute, not bulbous-based. <b>Tuberous</b> roots absent. <b>Basal</b> leaves simple and undivided, blades oblong to cordate or circular, 0.7-3.8 × 0.8-3.2 cm, base rounded to cordate, margins crenate or crenate-serrate, apex rounded. <b>Flowers</b>: receptacle hispid or glabrous; sepals spreading, 2.5-6 × 1.5-3 mm, glabrous; petals 5, yellow, 2-7 × 1-3 mm. <b>Heads</b> of achenes long-ovoid or cylindric, 6-12 × 4-5(-9) mm; achenes 1-1.4(-2.2) × 0.8-1.2 mm, glabrous; beak persistent, conic, straight, 0.1-0.2 mm. <b>2n</b> = 16.</span><!--
  
 
-->{{Treatment/Body
 
-->{{Treatment/Body
 
|phenology=Flowering late spring–summer (May–Sep).
 
|phenology=Flowering late spring–summer (May–Sep).
 
|distribution=Bogs;marshes;ditches;stream banks;often saline
 
|distribution=Bogs;marshes;ditches;stream banks;often saline
|discussion=<p>Various Navaho groups used Ranunculus cymbalaria as a venereal aid, an emetic, and a ceremonial medicine. The Kawaiisu used it as a dermatological aid (D. E. Moerman 1986).</p>
+
|discussion=<p>Various Navaho groups used <i>Ranunculus cymbalaria</i> as a venereal aid, an emetic, and a ceremonial medicine. The Kawaiisu used it as a dermatological aid (D. E. Moerman 1986).</p>
 
|tables=
 
|tables=
 
|references=
 
|references=
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-->{{#Taxon:
 
-->{{#Taxon:
 
name=Ranunculus cymbalaria
 
name=Ranunculus cymbalaria
|author=
 
 
|authority=Pursh
 
|authority=Pursh
 
|rank=species
 
|rank=species
 
|parent rank=section
 
|parent rank=section
|synonyms=Species;Variety;Variety
+
|synonyms=Halerpestes cymbalaria;Ranunculus cymbalaria var. alpinus;Ranunculus cymbalaria var. saximontanus
 
|basionyms=
 
|basionyms=
 
|family=Ranunculaceae
 
|family=Ranunculaceae
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|publication title=Fl. Amer. Sept.
 
|publication title=Fl. Amer. Sept.
 
|publication year=1814
 
|publication year=1814
|special status=Selected by author to be illustrated;Weedy
+
|special status=W1;Illustrated
|source xml=https://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-fine-grained-xml.git/src/287ef3db526bd807d435a3c7423ef2df1e951227/V3/V3_786.xml
+
|source xml=https://bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation/src/2e0870ddd59836b60bcf96646a41e87ea5a5943a/coarse_grained_fna_xml/V3/V3_786.xml
 
|genus=Ranunculus
 
|genus=Ranunculus
 
|subgenus=Ranunculus subg. Cyrtorhyncha
 
|subgenus=Ranunculus subg. Cyrtorhyncha
 
|section=Ranunculus sect. Halodes
 
|section=Ranunculus sect. Halodes
 
|species=Ranunculus cymbalaria
 
|species=Ranunculus cymbalaria
|2n chromosome quantity=16
 
|achene atypical length=1.4mm;2.2mm
 
|achene length=1mm;1.4mm
 
|achene pubescence=glabrous
 
|achene width=0.8mm;1.2mm
 
|apex shape=rounded
 
|basal leaf architecture=simple
 
|basal leaf architecture or shape=undivided
 
|base shape=rounded;cordate
 
|beak course=straight
 
|beak duration=persistent
 
|beak shape=conic
 
|beak some measurement=0.1mm;0.2mm
 
|blade length=0.7cm;3.8cm
 
|blade shape=oblong;cordate or circular
 
|blade width=0.8cm;3.2cm
 
|flowering-stem orientation=ascending;erect
 
|head atypical width=5mm;9mm
 
|head length=6mm;12mm
 
|head shape=cylindric;long-ovoid
 
|head width=4mm;5mm
 
|margin shape=crenate-serrate;crenate
 
|petal coloration=yellow
 
|petal length=2mm;7mm
 
|petal quantity=5
 
|petal width=1mm;3mm
 
|receptacle pubescence=glabrous;hispid
 
|root architecture=tuberous
 
|root presence=absent
 
|sepal length=2.5mm;6mm
 
|sepal orientation=spreading
 
|sepal pubescence=glabrous
 
|sepal width=1.5mm;3mm
 
|stem growth form=dimorphic
 
|stolon architecture=not bulbous-based;rooting
 
|stolon growth form or orientation=prostrate
 
|stolon pubescence=hirsute;glabrous
 
 
}}<!--
 
}}<!--
  
 
-->[[Category:Treatment]][[Category:Ranunculus sect. Halodes]]
 
-->[[Category:Treatment]][[Category:Ranunculus sect. Halodes]]

Latest revision as of 22:51, 5 November 2020

Stems dimorphic, flowering stems erect or ascending, stolons prostrate, rooting nodally, glabrous or sparsely hirsute, not bulbous-based. Tuberous roots absent. Basal leaves simple and undivided, blades oblong to cordate or circular, 0.7-3.8 × 0.8-3.2 cm, base rounded to cordate, margins crenate or crenate-serrate, apex rounded. Flowers: receptacle hispid or glabrous; sepals spreading, 2.5-6 × 1.5-3 mm, glabrous; petals 5, yellow, 2-7 × 1-3 mm. Heads of achenes long-ovoid or cylindric, 6-12 × 4-5(-9) mm; achenes 1-1.4(-2.2) × 0.8-1.2 mm, glabrous; beak persistent, conic, straight, 0.1-0.2 mm. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer (May–Sep).

Distribution

V3 786-distribution-map.gif

Bogs, marshes, ditches, stream banks, often saline

Discussion

Various Navaho groups used Ranunculus cymbalaria as a venereal aid, an emetic, and a ceremonial medicine. The Kawaiisu used it as a dermatological aid (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Ranunculus cymbalaria"
Alan T. Whittemore +
Undefined sect. Ranunculus +
Renoncule cymbalaire +
Bogs +, marshes +, ditches +, stream banks +  and often saline +
Flowering late spring–summer (May–Sep). +
Fl. Amer. Sept. +
W1 +  and Illustrated +
Halerpestes cymbalaria +, Ranunculus cymbalaria var. alpinus +  and Ranunculus cymbalaria var. saximontanus +
Ranunculus cymbalaria +
Ranunculus sect. Halodes +
species +