Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca
Leaves bright green; terminal leaflet blade ovate or obovate to slightly rhombic, length/width 1.1–1.6, teeth: relative number 0.2–0.5, relative size 2–3.9, terminal tooth longer than adjacent teeth. Flowers bisexual, 13.2–20.5 mm diam.; hypanthium 11.2–17 mm diam.; petals white, widely depressed, obovate to nearly orbiculate, margins overlapping or distinct, sometimes distally crenate. Achenes superficial or in shallow pits; bractlets and sepals spreading to reflexed; torus carmine to wine red, shiny, globose or subglobose (often slightly oblate or conic), easily separating from hypanthium. 2n = 14.
Phenology: Flowering spring
Habitat: Open forests, edges of woods, thickets, meadows
Elevation: 50–1000 m
Introduced; Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), Ont., Que., Conn., Maine, Mass., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., Vt., Va., W.Va., Eurasia, introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, South America, Pacific Islands (Hawaii)
Subspecies vesca is occasionally naturalized in North America.